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The drug:membrane interactions for the antihypertensive AT1 antagonist losartan, the prototype of the sartans class, are studied herein using an integrated approach. The pharmacophore arrangement of the drug was revealed by rotating frame nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (2D ROESY) NMR spectroscopy in three different environments, namely water,(More)
Valsartan is a marketed drug with high affinity to the type 1 angiotensin (AT1) receptor. It has been reported that AT1 antagonists may reach the receptor site by diffusion through the plasma membrane. For this reason we have applied a combination of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Raman spectroscopy and small and wide angle X-ray scattering (SAXS(More)
In this report the rational design, synthesis and pharmacological properties of an amide-linked cyclic antagonist analogue of the guinea pig myelin basic protein epitope MBP(72-85) are described. Design of the potent cyclic analogue was based on 2D NOESY nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular dynamics studies carried out in the linear antagonist(More)
Confronting Multiple Sclerosis requires as an underlying step the manipulation of immune response through modification of Myelin Basic Protein peptides. The aim is to design peptidic or nonpeptidic molecules that compete for recognition of self-antigens at the level of antigen presentation. The rational approach is to substitute residues that serve as(More)
[Arg(91), Ala(96)] MBP(87-99) is an altered peptide ligand (APL) of myelin basic protein (MBP), shown to actively inhibit experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), which is studied as a model of multiple sclerosis (MS). The APL has been rationally designed by substituting two of the critical residues for recognition by the T-cell receptor. A(More)
The cis/trans conformational equilibrium of the two Ac-Pro isomers of the beta-turn model dipeptide [13C]-Ac-L-Pro-D-Ala-NHMe, 98% 13C enriched at the acetyl carbonyl atom, was investigated by the use of variable temperature gradient enhanced 1H-nmr, two-dimensional (2D) 1H,1H nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY), 13C,1H one-dimensional(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) is one of the best characterized autoantigens causing multiple sclerosis (MS), via a procedure that involves a stable formation of the trimolecular complex of a T-cell Receptor (TCR), an MBP epitope, and the receptor HLA-DR2b. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is considered as an instructive model for MS in humans,(More)
We have studied the interactions of the anaesthetic steroid alphaxalone and its inactive isomer delta 16-alphaxalone with model membrane bilayers using differential scanning calorimetry, small angle X-ray diffraction and solid state NMR. Our data show that the anaesthetic steroid broadens the membrane phase transition and increases the ratio of gauche to(More)
We have studied in detail the effects of the anesthetic steroid alphaxalone and its inactive analog delta 16-alphaxalone on the thermotropic properties of model membranes using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results obtained showed that, for model membranes from hydrated dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), dioleoylphosphatidylcholine(More)
We have previously studied and compared the location of (-)-delta 8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 8-THC) with that of O-methyl-delta 8-THC (Me delta 8-THC) in the membrane using partially hydrated dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayers ((Mavromoustakos et al. (1990) Biophys. Acta 1024, 336-344; Yang et al. (1993) Life Sci. 53, 117-122). delta 8-THC(More)