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Catalase is a highly conserved heme-containing antioxidant enzyme known for its ability to degrade hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. In low concentrations of hydrogen peroxide, the enzyme also exhibits peroxidase activity. We report that mammalian catalase also possesses oxidase activity. This activity, which is detected in purified catalases, cell(More)
Bathing in chlorinated drinking water causes significant exposure to potentially toxic disinfection by-products (DBPs). In the present studies, we measured the permeation coefficients (K(p)) of three important classes of DBPs, trihalomethanes (THMs), haloketones (HKs), and haloacetic acids (HAAs), in aqueous solution across human skin using in vitro(More)
In keratinocytes, UVB light stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Lysates of these cells were found to possess a non-dialyzable, trypsin- and heat-sensitive material capable of generating ROS in response to UVB light. Using ion exchange, metal affinity, and size exclusion chromatography, a 240-kDa protein was isolated with ROS(More)
Somatic cell hybrids, recombinant inbred (RI) strains, and progeny of an intersubspecific backcross were typed by Southern blot analysis to prepare a linkage map of mouse chromosome 10. The seven genetic markers in this map, four of which had not previously been positioned, include genes involved in oncogenesis (Gli, Myb, Tra-1), proviral integration(More)
Human chromosomes 6 and 21 are both necessary to confer sensitivity to human interferon gamma (Hu-IFN-gamma), as measured by induction of class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and protection against encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) infection. Whereas human chromosome 6 encodes the Hu-IFN-gamma receptor, human chromosome 21 encodes accessory factors for(More)
In the absence of VA RNAI, protein synthesis in adenovirus-infected HeLa cells fails because of defective initiation. Earlier work showed that the defect results from phosphorylation of the initiation factor elF-2 on its alpha subunit. We have identified the protein kinase responsible as the dsRNA-activated inhibitor of protein synthesis (DAI). DAI is(More)
Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) signals through a multimeric receptor complex consisting of two different chains: the IFN-gamma receptor binding subunit (IFN-gamma R, IFN-gamma R1), and a transmembrane accessory factor (AF-1, IFN-gamma R2) necessary for signal transduction. Using cell lines expressing different cloned components of the IFN-gamma receptor(More)
It was proposed that human interferon omega (omega) binds to the interferon alpha/beta receptor but not to the interferon gamma receptor. However, since no studies were performed to provide direct evidence for this hypothesis, we carried out cross-linking experiments and saturation binding assays between a 32P-labeled human interferon-alpha (Hu-IFN-alpha)(More)
The phylogenetic distribution and structural diversity of the nitric oxide synthases (NOS) remain important and issues that are little understood. We present sequence information, as well as phylogenetic analysis, for three NOS cDNAs identified in two non-mammalian species: the vertebrate marine teleost fish Stenotomus chrysops (scup) and the invertebrate(More)
The dl331 mutant of adenovirus serotype 5 fails to produce virus-associated (VA) RNAI, and cells infected with this mutant do not synthesize proteins efficiently at late times in infection. The translational defect occurs at the level of polypeptide chain initiation, and cell-free extracts prepared from dl331-infected cells exhibit the defect observed in(More)