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Two experiments were conducted to examine the effects of hot boning, modified atmosphere packaging, and injection enhancement on the oxidative and sensory properties of beef round muscles. The beef knuckle (quadriceps muscles) was partially hot boned within 1.5 h postmortem from one randomly selected side of each beef carcass (n = 14), whereas the(More)
The aims of this descriptive study were to examine the prevalence and associations of coprophenomena (involuntary expression of socially unacceptable words or gestures) in individuals with Tourette syndrome. Participant data were obtained from the Tourette Syndrome International Database Consortium. A specialized data collection form was completed for each(More)
Dark septate endophytes (DSE) are common and abundant root-colonizing fungi in the native tallgrass prairie. To characterize DSE fungi were isolated from roots of mixed tallgrass prairie plant communities. Isolates were grouped according to morphology, and the grouping was refined by ITS-RFLP and/or sequencing of the ITS region. Sporulating species of(More)
The carriers mineral oil and Silwet L-77 and the botanical insecticides Neemix 4.5 and Hexacide were evaluated for their impacts on the efficacy of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin conidia against red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), larvae. The dosages of liquid treatments were quantified by both conidia concentration in the spray volume(More)
Questions that ask respondents to "choose all that apply" from a set of items occur frequently in surveys. Categorical variables that summarize this type of survey data are called both pick any/c variables and multiple-response categorical variables. It is often of interest to test for independence between two categorical variables. When both categorical(More)
The predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae), uses plant volatiles (i.e., airborne chemicals) triggered by feeding of their herbivorous prey, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae), to help locate prey patches. The olfactory response of P. persimilis to prey-infested plants varies in direct relation to the population growth pattern(More)
Decady and Thomas (2000, Biometrics 56, 893-896) propose a first-order corrected Umesh-Loughin-Scherer statistic to test for association in an r x c contingency table with multiple column responses. Agresti and Liu (1999, Biometrics 55, 936-943) point out that such statistics are not invariant to the arbitrary designation of a zero or one to a positive(More)