Thomas M. Klapötke

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Five new 5,5'-azotetrazolate salts (amminsilver, trimethylsulfonium, tetramethyl-phosphonium, trimethylsulfoxonium, 2-(hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium) were prepared and characterized. The crystal structures were determined by X-ray diffraction. Interactions between the ions are identified and discussed. The sensitivities of the highly energetic silver salt(More)
Imidazole-1-sulfonyl azide hydrochloride, an inexpensive and effective diazotransfer reagent, was recently found to be impact sensitive. To identify safer-to-handle forms of this reagent, several different salts of imidazole-1-sulfonyl azide were prepared, and their sensitivity to heat, impact, friction, and electrostatic discharge was quantitatively(More)
In this study, the production of particulate films of iodine (V) oxides is investigated. The influence that sonication and solvation of suspended particles in various alcohol/ketone/ester solvents have on the physical structure of spin or drop cast films is examined in detail with electron microscopy, powder x-ray diffraction, and UV-visible absorption(More)
Luminescent silicon nanocrystals (Si-NCs) surface functionalized with dodecyl groups were exposed to solutions of nitroaromatic compounds including nitrobenzene, nitrotoluene, and dinitrotoluene. It was found that Si-NC luminescence was quenched upon exposure to nitroaromatics via an electron transfer mechanism as indicated by Stern-Volmer analysis. This(More)
DFT calculations have identified the novel rearrangement shown here for decomposition of the Si derivative of the PETN explosive [PentaErythritol TetraNitrate (PETN), C(CH(2)ONO(2))(4)] that explains the very dramatic increase in sensitivity observed experimentally. The critical difference is that Si-PETN allows a favorable five-coordinate transition state(More)
A series of oxygen-rich organic peroxide compounds each containing two bis(hydroperoxy)methylene groups is described. Energetic testing shows that these compounds are much less sensitive toward impact and friction than existing classes of organic peroxides. The compounds are highly energetic, which may lead to practical peroxide-based explosives.
The development of perchlorate-free hand-held signal illuminants for the US Army's M195 green star parachute is described. Compared with the perchlorate-containing control, the optimized perchlorate-free illuminants were less sensitive toward various ignition stimuli while offering comparable burn times and visible-light outputs. The results were also(More)
A modification of the synthesis of sodium 5,5'-azotetrazolate pentahydrate, described by Thiele in 1898, yields the unknown and unexpected corresponding 5N-oxido derivative sodium 5,5'-azoxybistetrazolate pentahydrate (Na(2)zTO·5H(2)O, 1). Purification was achieved by recrystallization based on the better solubility of Na(2)zTO·5H(2)O in water. Different(More)
This combined experimental, theoretical and comparative study details the syntheses and chemical characterisation of two new energetic polynitromethyl tetrazole derivatives, namely, 2-(2-nitro-2-azapropyl)-5-(trinitromethyl)-2 H-tetrazole and its fluorine-containing analogue 2-(2-nitro-2-azapropyl)-5-(fluorodinitromethyl)-2 H-tetrazole. Their crystal(More)