Thomas M. Kitzler

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Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. The Transonic (TRS; Transonic Systems, Ithaca, NY) device is frequently used for determination of cardiac output (CO) by an indicator dilution technique. The Task Force Monitor (TFM; CN Systems, Graz, Austria) has gained attention as(More)
Contrast induced acute kidney injury is one of the most frequent causes of hospital acquired acute kidney injury. The present study aims to investigate the efficacy of vitamin E or N-acetylcysteine as an adjunct to current standard therapy in the prevention of this clinical predicament. We tested the hypothesis that vitamin E or N-acetylcysteine added to(More)
BACKGROUND Intensified insulin therapy requires outstanding compliance but no measure of therapy adherence has been agreed upon. The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that treatment adherence, as described by a novel multiple regression model, relates to glycosylated haemoglobin and hypoglycaemia frequency in type 1 diabetes. Furthermore,(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-dialytic morbid events (IDME) such as intra-dialytic hypotension (IDH) and muscle cramps frequently complicate haemodialysis (HD). Cardiac dysfunction is highly prevalent in HD patients. We investigated the relationship between proto-dialytic (i.e. early intra-dialytic) cardiac function and IDME in HD patients. METHODS Heart rate,(More)
An essential but frequently neglected aspect of dialysis treatment is the dialysis fluid produced by blending treated tap water with concentrated solutions containing electrolytes and buffer. Chemical and microbiological contaminants as well as the electrolyte and buffer composition of the dialysis fluid play major roles in the induction or modulation of(More)
BACKGROUND Observational studies demonstrate poor clinical outcomes in chronic haemodialysis patients with venous catheters as vascular access. This longitudinal study examines the impact of vascular access change on key clinical and laboratory parameters. METHODS We studied 2616 haemodialysis patients who had no or one vascular access change between(More)
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has been used as a home dialysis therapy for renal replacement for more than 30 years. In a recent assessment of treatment quality, the mortality of patients on PD was referenced as being higher than of those on hemodialysis. Several reports suggest that a high proportion of PD patients are overhydrated. Clinical assessment of dry(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of widely used bioimpedance techniques to assess dry weight (DW) and to predict a state of normal hydration in haemodialysis patients whose post-dialysis weight had been gradually reduced from baseline in successive treatments over time. METHODS Calf bioimpedance spectroscopy (cBIS) was employed to(More)
Few controversies in medicine have such a long history as that of whether salt is identifiably dangerous or not dangerous. The most common reported association between excess dietary salt intake and clinical outcome has been in the field of hypertension, but dietary sodium intake mediates effects that go far beyond, and are independent of, extracellular(More)