Thomas M. Hill

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The ability of a high frequency (10(-2)) of Escherichia coli to survive prolonged exposure to penicillin antibiotics, called high persistence, is associated with mutations in the hipA gene. The hip operon is located in the chromosomal terminus near dif and consists of two genes, hipA and hipB. The wild-type hipA gene encodes a toxin, whereas hipB encodes a(More)
Persistence is an epigenetic trait that allows a small fraction of bacteria, approximately one in a million, to survive prolonged exposure to antibiotics. In Escherichia coli an increased frequency of persisters, called "high persistence," is conferred by mutations in the hipA gene, which encodes the toxin entity of the toxin-antitoxin module hipBA. The(More)
To investigate the co-ordination between DNA replication and cell division, we have disrupted the DNA-replication cycle of Escherichia coli by inserting inverted Ter sites into the terminus region to delay completion of the chromosome. The inverted Ter sites (designated InvTer::spcr) were initially inserted into the chromosome of a delta tus strain to allow(More)
The arrest of DNA replication in Escherichia coli is triggered by the encounter of a replisome with a Tus protein-Ter DNA complex. A replication fork can pass through a Tus-Ter complex when traveling in one direction but not the other, and the chromosomal Ter sites are oriented so replication forks can enter, but not exit, the terminus region. The Tus-Ter(More)
In Escherichia coli, damage to DNA induces the expression of a set of genes known collectively as the SOS response. Part of the SOS response includes genes that repair DNA damage, but another part of the response coordinates DNA replication and septation to prevent untimely cell division. The classic SOS gene product that inhibits cell division is SfiA (or(More)
Bacteria that have a circular chromosome with a bidirectional DNA replication origin are thought to utilize a 'replication fork trap' to control termination of replication. The fork trap is an arrangement of replication pause sites that ensures that the two replication forks fuse within the terminus region of the chromosome, approximately opposite the(More)
During chromosome synthesis in Escherichia coli, replication forks are blocked by Tus bound Ter sites on approach from one direction but not the other. To study the basis of this polarity, we measured the rates of dissociation of Tus from forked TerB oligonucleotides, such as would be produced by the replicative DnaB helicase at both the fork-blocking(More)
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has shown great potential for replacing surgery in many applications. In this work, HIFU was used to destroy Escherichia coli (E. coli) biofilms that had been grown on chambered microscope slides. Biofilms are central to the pathogenesis and persistence of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections associated with(More)
In Type 1 diabetes, the insulin-producing β-cells within the pancreatic islets of Langerhans are destroyed. We showed previously that immunotherapy with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) or complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) of non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice can prevent disease process and pancreatic β-cell loss. This was associated with increased islet(More)
In the absence of RecA, expression of the Tus protein of Escherichia coli is lethal when ectopic Ter sites are inserted into the chromosome in an orientation that blocks completion of chromosome replication. Using this observation as a basis for genetic selection, an extragenic suppressor of Tus-mediated arrest of DNA replication was isolated with(More)