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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to validate speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) as a method for angle-independent measurement of regional myocardial strain, using sonomicrometry and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tagging as reference methods. BACKGROUND Tissue Doppler imaging allows non-invasive measurement of myocardial strain in the left(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) torsion is due to oppositely directed apical and basal rotation and has been proposed as a sensitive marker of LV function. In the present study, we introduce and validate speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) as a method for assessment of LV rotation and torsion. METHODS AND RESULTS Apical and basal rotation by STE was(More)
BACKGROUND Peak early-diastolic mitral annulus velocity (e') by tissue Doppler imaging has been introduced as a clinical marker of diastolic function. This study investigates whether lengthening load (early-diastolic load) and restoring forces are determinants of e' in addition to rate of left ventricular (LV) relaxation. METHODS AND RESULTS In 10(More)
2D-STE (two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography) is a novel echocardiographic modality that enables angle-independent assessment of myocardial deformation indices. In the present study, we tested whether peak systolic epsilon(parallel) (longitudinal strain) values measured by 2D-STE could identify areas of MI (myocardial infarction) as determined(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the study was to evaluate the ability of established and new parameters of global systolic left ventricle function to estimate myocardial infarct size. Increasing infarct extent is associated with impaired prognosis in chronic ischemic heart disease. Systolic myocardial deformation is a complex 3D process that is mainly(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to investigate whether strain Doppler echocardiography performed immediately after revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention could predict the extent of myocardial scar, determined by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). BACKGROUND There is considerable variability in survival rate(More)
Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and LV end-systolic volumes are important measures of LV global function. However, in many patients with symptoms of heart failure, these measures are within normal limits. This condition is classified as heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF). Reduced EF and increased end-systolic volume, however,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to characterize the contraction pattern of the systemic right ventricle (RV). BACKGROUND Reduced longitudinal function of the systemic RV compared with the normal RV has been interpreted as ventricular dysfunction. However, longitudinal shortening represents only one aspect of myocardial deformation, and changes(More)
Left ventricular (LV) circumferential strain and rotation have been introduced as clinical markers of myocardial function. This study investigates how regional LV apical rotation and strain can be used in combination to assess function in the infarcted ventricle. In healthy subjects (n = 15) and patients with myocardial infarction (n = 23), LV apical(More)
BACKGROUND This study proposes 2 new echocardiographic indices with potential application in acute coronary artery occlusion to differentiate between viable and necrotic myocardium and to identify reperfusion. We investigated whether the ratio between systolic lengthening and combined late and postsystolic shortening (L-S ratio) could identify viable(More)