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Fingertip force control requires fine coordination of multiple hand muscles within and across the digits. While the modulation of neural drive to hand muscles as a function of force has been extensively studied, much less is known about the effects of fatigue on the coordination of simultaneously active hand muscles. We asked eight subjects to perform a(More)
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) can be degraded by many microorganisms using intra- or extracellular PHA depolymerases. PHA depolymerases are very diverse in sequence and substrate specificity, but share a common α/β-hydrolase fold and a catalytic triad, which is also found in other α/β-hydrolases. The PHA Depolymerase Engineering Database (DED,(More)
1. The distribution of recurrent Renshaw inhibition was examined in the medial gastrocnemius motor nucleus of the cat by measurement of single-axon recurrent inhibitory post-synaptic potentials (recurrent i.p.s.p.s) in motoneurones supplying medial gastrocnemius produced by single impulses of antidromically stimulated single motor axons supplying the same(More)
1. Signal averaging was used in forty experiments on low-spinal cats to measure and characterize the oligosynaptic responses of seventy-six motoneurons supplying the medial gastrocnemius muscle to the single impulses of antidromically stimulated single motor axons supplying the same muscle. 2. In thirteen experiments on chloralose-urethane anaesthetized(More)
The ability to modulate digit forces during grasping relies on the coordination of multiple hand muscles. Because many muscles innervate each digit, the CNS can potentially choose from a large number of muscle coordination patterns to generate a given digit force. Studies of single-digit force production tasks have revealed that the electromyographic (EMG)(More)
1. Recurrent collaterals of motoneurons innervating muscles that have a role in control of the hindlimb digits were studied with neuroanatomic tracing methods to determine whether these motoneurons have simple recurrent collateral arbors in comparison with those of hip, knee, and ankle muscles. 2. Motoneurons innervating the hindlimb muscles plantaris(More)
The discharge properties of hindlimb motoneurons in ketamine-xylazine anesthetized rats were measured to assess contributions of persistent intrinsic currents to these characteristics and to determine their distribution in motoneuron pools. Most motoneurons (30/37) responded to ramp current injections with adapting patterns of discharge and the(More)
Red nucleus stimulation inhibits within the inferior olive. J. Neurophysiol. 80: 3127-3136, 1998. In the anesthetized cat, electrical stimulation of the magnocellular red nucleus (RNm) inhibits responses of rostral dorsal accessory olive (rDAO) neurons to cutaneous stimulation. We tested the hypothesis that RNm-mediated inhibition occurs within the inferior(More)
1. The amplitude of recurrent inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (RIPSPs) was examined in pairs of lumbosacral motoneurons that were separated by a known distance and were identified by antidromic stimulation of muscle nerves. One motoneuron was stimulated by injecting depolarizing current pulses, and postsynaptic responses were recorded and averaged in the(More)