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The aim of this study in sheep ovaries was to determine the total number of granulosa cells in primordial follicles and at subsequent stages of growth to early antrum formation. The second aim was to examine the interrelationships among the total number of granulosa cells in the follicles, the number of granulosa cells in the section through the oocyte(More)
The purpose of this paper is to review, using fetal sheep as the animal model, aspects of ovarian development related to follicular formation and to report on the identity of growth and paracrine factors which might be involved in this process. Before follicular formation there is a massive and sustained colonisation of the fetal ovary by mesonephric cells,(More)
Early follicular growth refers to the development of an ovarian follicle from the primordial to early antral phase. In sheep and cows these phases of growth can be classified by the configuration of granulosal cells in the largest cross-section of the follicle as types 1 (primordial), 1a (transitory) 2 (primary), 3 and 4 (preantral) and 5 (early antral).(More)
The aim of the present study was to establish whether the steroids, progesterone, androstenedione, testosterone and oestradiol, were present in the mesonephric-gonadal complex of female and male sheep fetuses around sexual differentiation (that is, from day 28 to day 45 of gestation, with sexual differentiation occurring at approximately day 32). A second(More)
The Inverdale gene (fecX1), located on the X chromosome, is a major gene affecting the ovulation rate of sheep. At each ovulation, ewes heterozygous (I+) for the fecX1 gene ovulate, on average, one more egg than noncarriers (++), whereas ewes that are homozygous (II) for this gene are infertile and have "streak" ovaries. Since formation of the ovary occurs(More)
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