Thomas Louis Toth

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OBJECTIVE To examine the association between body weight and measures of male reproductive potential. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Fertility clinic in an academic medical center. PATIENT(S) Four hundred eighty-three male partners of subfertile couples. INTERVENTION(S) None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S) Standard semen analysis, sperm DNA(More)
Sugars such as trehalose, sucrose, and glucose are effectively used by a variety of animals (e.g., brine shrimp, tardigrades, some frogs, and insects), as well as by bacteria, yeasts, and plant seeds to survive freezing and extreme drying. The objective of this study was to examine the potential application of sugars to mammalian oocyte cryopreservation. To(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to examine the relation between dietary fats and semen quality parameters. METHODS Data from 99 men with complete dietary and semen quality data were analyzed. Fatty acid levels in sperm and seminal plasma were measured using gas chromatography in a subgroup of men (n = 23). Linear regression was used to(More)
Inhibin, activin, and follistatin (FS) are gonadal proteins that appear to have a role in regulating folliculogenesis through possible paracrine and/or autocrine interactions. To further examine the potential role of activin in oocyte-granulosa cell communication, we developed a sensitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction protocol to analyze(More)
Although semen quality has been discussed extensively with regard to age and season in the andrology literature, the results vary and firm conclusions are still outstanding. To investigate seasonal and age-related variations in human semen parameters, we analyzed data that were collected from an andrology clinic population. We performed a retrospective(More)
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine if baseline antral follicle assessment may serve as additional information in predicting in vitro fertilization outcome. Methods: Prospective, descriptive preliminary study of in vitro fertilization outcome. From July 1998 to July 1999, 224 patients underwent antral follicle assessment (follicle 2–6 mm in(More)
BACKGROUND High isoflavone intake has been related to decreased fertility in animal studies, but data in humans are scarce. Thus, we examined the association of soy foods and isoflavones intake with semen quality parameters. METHODS The intake of 15 soy-based foods in the previous 3 months was assessed for 99 male partners of subfertile couples who(More)
Sugars such as trehalose are effectively used by various organisms as protective agents to undergo anhydrobiosis and cryobiosis. The objective of this study was first to establish a method for quantitative delivery of trehalose as a model sugar into oocytes, and then to evaluate its effect on development of mouse zygotes. To this end, a quantitative(More)
The ideal cryopreservation protocol would combine the benefits of slow freezing with the benefits of vitrification. This report describes a method for the ultra-rapid vitrification of oocytes using slush nitrogen in quartz capillaries. The approach minimizes the thermal mass of the vitrification vessel by using open microcapillaries made of highly(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of elevated peak serum E(2) levels (EPE(2); defined as levels >90th percentile) on the day of hCG administration during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for IVF on the likelihood for small for gestational age (SGA), preeclampsia (PreE), and preterm delivery (PTD) in singleton pregnancies. DESIGN Retrospective cohort(More)