Thomas Leist

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Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) -associated myelopathy/tropic spastic paraparesis is a demyelinating inflammatory neurologic disease associated with HTLV-1 infection. HTLV-1 Tax11-19-specific cytotoxic T cells have been isolated from HLA-A2-positive patients. We have used a peptide-loaded soluble HLA-A2-Ig complex to directly visualize HTLV-1(More)
To discern the T cell subtype associated with T cell differentiation, the expression of CD45RA and CD27 was measured from total CD8(high) cells and from human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) Tax11-19 peptide-specific CD8(+) cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP).(More)
BACKGROUND Disease-modifying drugs available for multiple sclerosis (MS) require chronic, regular, parenteral administration. Effective oral MS therapies may improve long-term adherence. A number of oral therapies are in development, including cladribine--a preferential lymphocyte-depleting therapy with a well-established safety profile across other(More)
Human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is an immune-mediated inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. Immune activation in the host, which results from high levels of persistent antigenic stimulation and from transactivation of host immunoregulatory genes by HTLV-I, appears(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the CNS. Studies in animal models of MS have shown that GM-CSF produced by T cells is necessary for the development of autoimmune CNS inflammation. This suggests that GM-CSF may have a pathogenic role in MS as well, and a clinical trial testing its blockade is ongoing. However, there have been few reports(More)
Several reports have suggested an association of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and multiple sclerosis (MS) based on immunohistochemical demonstration of HHV-6 antigens in inflammatory lesions, detection of increased HHV-6 specific serum antibody titers, and amplification of HHV-6 DNA from sera and cerebrospinal fluid of MS patients but not in controls.(More)
Human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is the causative agent of an inflammatory neurological disease termed HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). An ongoing lymphocyte activation exists in patients with HAM/TSP, which was demonstrated by the spontaneous proliferation of their PBMC ex vivo. It was shown that spontaneous(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. The inflammation is driven significantly by autoreactive lymphocytes, which recruit cells of the innate immune system such as macrophages that contribute to subsequent tissue damage, ultimately resulting in demyelination and axonal damage that are(More)
The purpose of this open-label, crossover study was to determine the safety and efficacy of recombinant insulin-like growth factor-1 (rhIGF-1) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical measures of disease activity in seven multiple sderosis (MS) patients. Monthly clinical and MPI examinations were performed during a 24-week baseline and a 24-week(More)
The human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is associated with a chronic, progressive neurological disease known as HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Screening for HTLV-I involves the detection of virus-specific serum antibodies by EIA and confirmation by Western blot. HTLV-I/II seroindeterminate Western blot patterns have(More)