Thomas L. Slewinski

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Plants have specialized organs for distinct functions. Leaves perform photosynthesis and fix carbon, whereas roots absorb water and minerals. To distribute resources between these organs, plants have a vasculature composed of phloem and xylem. The xylem conducts water and minerals from the roots up to the shoots. The phloem transports carbon-and(More)
In most plants, sucrose is exported from source leaves to carbon-importing sink tissues to sustain their growth and metabolism. Apoplastic phloem-loading species require sucrose transporters (SUTs) to transport sucrose into the phloem. In many dicot plants, genetic and biochemical evidence has established that SUT1-type proteins function in phloem loading.(More)
More than a quarter of the primary productivity on land, and a large fraction of the food that humans consume, is contributed by plants that fix atmospheric CO(2) by C(4) photosynthesis. It has been estimated that transferring the C(4) pathway to C(3) crops could boost yield by 50% and also increase water use efficiency and reduce the need for fertilizer,(More)
The phloem is often regarded as a relatively straightforward transport system composed of loading (collection), long-distance (transport), and unloading (release) zones. While this simple view is necessary and useful in many contexts, it belies the reality, which is that the phloem is inherently complex. At least three types of sieve element-companion cell(More)
Kranz-type C4 photosynthesis has independently and rapidly evolved over 60 times to dramatically increase radiation use efficiency in both monocots and eudicots. Indeed, it is one of the most exceptional examples of convergent evolution in the history of life. The repeated and rapid evolution of Kranz-type C4 suggests that it may be a derivative of a(More)
Resource allocation is fundamental to plant development, yield formation and tolerance to abiotic and biotic stress. Resources comprise both organic and inorganic forms. The former includes organic carbon (C) such as sugars; whereas the latter covers mineral ions and water. In most plants, organic C is initially produced in photosynthetic leaves as sucrose(More)
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