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Amino acid analysis of autopsied human brain showed reduced glutathione (GSH) content significantly lower in the substantia nigra than in other brain regions. GSH was virtually absent in the nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease. Oxidative degradation of L-DOPA and dopamine in vivo may generate reactive oxygen species (hydrogen peroxide, superoxide,(More)
A form of dominantly inherited olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) occurs commonly in persons of Spanish ancestry in northeastern Cuba. Its prevalence in the Province of Holguin is 41 per 100,000, a figure much higher than that found in western Cuba or in other parts of the world. The high prevalence is probably the result of a founder effect, but might be(More)
Contents of 35 amino acids and related compounds were measured in whole rat brain, and in superficial areas of biopsied and autopsied human brain, after incubation for various intervals at temperatures simulating those likely to occur in cadavers under mortuary conditions. These data should aid interpretation of values for amino compounds determined in(More)
We present the first pathologic descriptions of the puppet-like syndrome of Angelman based on autopsy studies of a 21-year-old woman. The noteworthy findings were a small brain with mild cerebral atrophy but normal gyral development. There was marked cerebellar atrophy with loss of Purkinje and granule cells and extensive Bergmann's gliosis. Study of(More)
Concentrations of glutamic acid have been reported to be elevated in fasting plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); glycine concentrations have also been reported to be increased in the CSF of such patients. Autopsy studies have shown glutamate contents to be significantly decreased in brain and spinal(More)
Glutathione transferase activity and total glutathione (GSH) content were measured in several regions of autopsied brain from patients dying with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) or progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and from control subjects. A significant deficiency of GSH was found in the substantia nigra, but not in 5 other brain regions of PD(More)
Amino acid contents were measured in autopsied brains of eight patients with the sporadic form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in brains of control subjects dying without neurologic or psychiatric disease. Glutamic acid content was reduced in most brain regions and in the cervical cord in the ALS patients, while glutamine contents were normal.(More)