Thomas L. Perry

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Amino acid analysis of autopsied human brain showed reduced glutathione (GSH) content significantly lower in the substantia nigra than in other brain regions. GSH was virtually absent in the nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease. Oxidative degradation of L-DOPA and dopamine in vivo may generate reactive oxygen species (hydrogen peroxide, superoxide,(More)
Repeated dietary consumption of the neurotoxic amino acid beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), found in the seeds of Cycas circinalis, has been postulated as causing both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the parkinsonism-dementia syndrome (PD) that were formerly very prevalent among the indigenous people of the Marianas Islands. Cynomolgus monkeys(More)
Concentrations of glutamic acid have been reported to be elevated in fasting plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); glycine concentrations have also been reported to be increased in the CSF of such patients. Autopsy studies have shown glutamate contents to be significantly decreased in brain and spinal(More)
Glutathione transferase activity and total glutathione (GSH) content were measured in several regions of autopsied brain from patients dying with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) or progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and from control subjects. A significant deficiency of GSH was found in the substantia nigra, but not in 5 other brain regions of PD(More)
Contents of 35 amino acids and related compounds were measured in whole rat brain, and in superficial areas of biopsied and autopsied human brain, after incubation for various intervals at temperatures simulating those likely to occur in cadavers under mortuary conditions. These data should aid interpretation of values for amino compounds determined in(More)
Ten patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and action tremor were treated with isoniazid (INH) in a double-blind single crossover trial. The daily dose of INH administered during the 4-week treatment phase of the trial was determined by acetylator phenotype with slow acetylators receiving 12 mg/kg per day and rapid acetylators 20 mg/kg(More)
A form of dominantly inherited olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) occurs commonly in persons of Spanish ancestry in northeastern Cuba. Its prevalence in the Province of Holguin is 41 per 100,000, a figure much higher than that found in western Cuba or in other parts of the world. The high prevalence is probably the result of a founder effect, but might be(More)
We measured the contents of amino acids and related amino compounds in autopsied brain from 22 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in cortical biopsy specimens from 2 other patients. The diagnosis of AD was established neuropathologically in all 24 patients by the presence of both neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques in neocortex. The mean(More)