Thomas L. Glass

Learn More
Cell extracts of Fibrobacter succinogenes subsp. succinogenes S85 phosphorylated glucose with a GTP-dependent glucokinase. The enzyme showed little activity with ATP (12% of that with GTP). Of other phosphate donors tested, only dGTP and ITP gave high glucokinase activities. Dialyzed extracts required Mg+2 and K+ for maximal activity. In potassium phosphate(More)
An oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate/oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADP+/NAD+) nonspecific L-glutamate dehydrogenase from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron was purified 40-fold (NADP+ or NAD+ activity) over crude cell extract by heat treatment, (NH4)2SO2 fractionation, diethylaminoethyl-cellulose, Bio-Gel A 1.5m, and(More)
Glucose uptake by Bacteroides succinogenes S85 was measured under conditions that maintained anaerobiosis and osmotic stability. Uptake was inhibited by compounds which interfere with electron transport systems, maintenance of proton or metal ion gradients, or ATP synthesis. The most potent inhibitors were proton and metal ionophores. Oxygen strongly(More)
Cellobiose transport by the cellulolytic ruminal anaerobe Fibrobacter (Bacteroides) succinogenes was measured using randomly tritiated cellobiose. When assayed at the same concentration (1 mM), total cellobiose uptake was one-fourth to one-third that of total glucose uptake. The abilities of F. succinogenes to transport cellobiose or glucose were not(More)
Extracts of Ruminococcus albus were not able to convert pyruvate to acetyl phosphate, CO2, and H2 after passage through a diethylaminoethyl (DEAE)-cellulose column. Activity was restored by a brown protein fraction eluted from the column with 0.4 M Cl-. The protein was partially purified and shown to have the spectral and biological characteristics of(More)
16-Dehydroprogesterone reductase (16-DHPR) activity was present in cell extracts of Eubacterium sp. strain 144 only when the organism was grown in the presence of steroids containing a delta 16-17 double bond and C-20-ketone. Cells grown with 16-dehydropregnenolone contained 16-DHPR activity but lacked delta 4-5-3-keto steroid reductase activity. Pyruvate(More)
Suspensions of Eubacterium sp. strain 144, prepared from cells grown with 16-dehydroprogesterone, catalyzed the reduction of this steroid to 17-isoprogesterone at a very low rate. Modifications of the assay to optimize the pH (5.5) and increase the steroid solubility (10% [vol/vol] methanol) did not significantly enhance the reaction. However, growth of(More)
When Eubacterium sp. 144 was grown in the presence of progesterone, extracts of these cells contained a 4-ene-3-ketosteroid-5 alpha-reductase (5 alpha-reductase). No evidence for the presence of a 5 beta-steroid-reductase or a 5 alpha to 5 beta-steroid-isomerase was found. 5 alpha-Reductase activity was dependent on reduced methyl viologen as the electron(More)
Guanosine 5'-diphosphate 3'-diphosphate (ppGpp) and guanosine 5'-triphosphate 3'-diphosphate (pppGpp) were detected in formic acid extracts of air-exposed culutres of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron. The identification of ppGpp and pppGpp in B. thetaiotaomicron was based on the following results: (i) cochromatography of 32P-labeled hyperphosphorylated(More)
Eubacterium sp. 144 dehydroxylated 16 alpha-hydroxy-progesterone; however, the expected intermediate, delta 16-progesterone, did not accumulate to significant concentrations in the culture medium. Moreover, the final end product of this biotransformation, 17 alpha-progesterone, was produced at a very slow rate. It was discovered that, under our culture(More)