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The development of glycan-related databases and bioinformatics applications is considerably lagging behind compared with the wealth of available data and software tools in genomics and proteomics. Because the encoding of glycan structures is more complex, most of the bioinformatics approaches cannot be applied to glycan structures. No standard procedures(More)
This report presents the conclusions of the X-ray Validation Task Force of the worldwide Protein Data Bank (PDB). The PDB has expanded massively since current criteria for validation of deposited structures were adopted, allowing a much more sophisticated understanding of all the components of macromolecular crystals. The size of the PDB creates new(More)
Glycans are among the most complex biological molecules found in nature, being composed of monosaccharide units in various combinations and linkages, and featuring diverse and asymmetric types of branching. Until the 1970s, glycan structures were generally represented in scientific publications as chemically accurate drawings, or using standard(More)
Knowledge of the 3D structure of glycoproteins and protein-carbohydrate complexes is indispensable to fully understand the biological processes they are involved in. Carbohydrate Structure Suite is an attempt to automatically analyse carbohydrate structures contained in the PDB and make the results publicly available on the internet. Characteristic torsion(More)
Recent progress in method development for characterising the branched structures of complex carbohydrates has now enabled higher throughput technology. Automation of structure analysis then calls for software development since adding meaning to large data collections in reasonable time requires corresponding bioinformatics methods and tools. Current(More)
SUMMARY Lipoxygenases are a family of enzymes involved in a variety of human diseases like inflammation, asthma, artherosclerosis and cancer. The lipoxygenases database (LOX-DB) aims to be a web accessible compendium of information in particular on the mammalian members of this multigene family. This resource includes molecular structures, reference data,(More)
Knowledge of the three-dimensional structures of the carbohydrate molecules is indispensable for a full understanding of the molecular processes in which carbohydrates are involved, such as protein glycosylation or protein-carbohydrate interactions. The Protein Data Bank (PDB) is a valuable resource for three-dimensional structural information on(More)
MOTIVATION Over the last decades several glycomics-based bioinformatics resources and databases have been created and released to the public. Unfortunately, there is no common standard in the representation of the stored information or a common machine-readable interface allowing bioinformatics groups to easily extract and cross-reference the stored(More)
The frequency of glycosylated protein 3D structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) is significantly lower than the proportion of glycoproteins in nature, and if glycan 3D structures are present, then they often exhibit a large degree of errors. There are various reasons for this, one of which is a comparably low support of carbohydrates in software tools(More)