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This report presents the conclusions of the X-ray Validation Task Force of the worldwide Protein Data Bank (PDB). The PDB has expanded massively since current criteria for validation of deposited structures were adopted, allowing a much more sophisticated understanding of all the components of macromolecular crystals. The size of the PDB creates new(More)
The development of glycan-related databases and bioinformatics applications is considerably lagging behind compared with the wealth of available data and software tools in genomics and proteomics. Because the encoding of glycan structures is more complex, most of the bioinformatics approaches cannot be applied to glycan structures. No standard procedures(More)
Knowledge of the 3D structure of glycoproteins and protein-carbohydrate complexes is indispensable to fully understand the biological processes they are involved in. Carbohydrate Structure Suite is an attempt to automatically analyse carbohydrate structures contained in the PDB and make the results publicly available on the internet. Characteristic torsion(More)
Recent progress in method development for characterising the branched structures of complex carbohydrates has now enabled higher throughput technology. Automation of structure analysis then calls for software development since adding meaning to large data collections in reasonable time requires corresponding bioinformatics methods and tools. Current(More)
Glycans are among the most complex biological molecules found in nature, being composed of monosaccharide units in various combinations and linkages, and featuring diverse and asymmetric types of branching. Until the 1970s, glycan structures were generally represented in scientific publications as chemically accurate drawings, or using standard(More)
Knowledge of the 3D structure of glycans is a prerequisite for a complete understanding of the biological processes glycoproteins are involved in. However, due to a lack of standardised nomenclature, carbohydrate compounds are difficult to locate within the Protein Data Bank (PDB). Using an algorithm that detects carbohydrate structures only requiring(More)
This paper reviews the current status of bioinformatics applications and databases in glycobiology, which are based on bioinformatics approaches as well as informatics for glycobiology where an explicit encoding of glycan structures is required. The availability of the complete sequence of the human genome has accelerated the systematic identification of so(More)
The 3D structural data of glycoprotein or protein-carbohydrate complexes that are found in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) are an interesting data source for glycobiologists. Unfortunately, carbohydrate components are difficult to find with the means provided by the PDB. The GLYCOSCIENCES.de internet portal offers a variety of tools and databases to locate and(More)
The affinity to sialic acid-containing oligosaccharides of the small-animal lectin SHL-I isolated from the venom of the Chinese bird-hunting spider Selenocosmia huwena is here described for the first time. By a strategic combination of NMR techniques, molecular modeling, and data mining tools it was possible to identify the crucial amino acid residues that(More)