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In anaesthetized rats antinociceptive effects of the clinically available drug memantine, an NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) antagonist in vitro, were evaluated using extracellular recordings from spinal neurones with knee joint input. Memantine (1-12 mg kg-1) was applied intravenously before (control animals) or after induction of an acute knee joint(More)
Hurler syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type 1H; MPS1H) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase activity. The natural course of this neurodegenerative disease inevitably leads to premature death within the first 10 years of life. Enzyme replacement therapy is effective in correcting the enzymatic deficiency of organs(More)
In the central nervous system the transmitter L-glutamate activates both ionotropic receptors coupled to cation channels and metabotropic receptors coupled to G-proteins. The role of metabotropic receptors in the processing of mechanosensory and nociceptive information was studied in a subset of spinal cord neurons with afferent input from the knee joint in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of treatment according to current evidence-based recommendations on the neurological outcome of patients with glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I). METHODS Fifty-two patients identified by newborn screening (NBS) in Germany from 1999 to 2009 were followed prospectively. Neurological outcome was assessed by the occurrence of an(More)
In organotypic corticostriatal and hippocampal slice cultures from rat brain, 3-hydroxyglutaric acid but not glutaric and glutaconic acids induced neurodegeneration by activation of NMDA receptors. Electrophysiological investigations (Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing glutamate receptors; rat mixed cortex culture) revealed no direct interaction of(More)
1. In 22 anesthetized rats we studied the involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptors in the generation and maintenance of hyperexcitability in spinal cord neurons with knee input that develops in the course of an acute inflammation in the knee. In all experiments one neuron with knee input was identified, and the responses to(More)
Cerebral folate transport deficiency is an inherited brain-specific folate transport defect that is caused by mutations in the folate receptor 1 gene coding for folate receptor alpha (FRα). This genetic defect gives rise to a progressive neurological disorder with late infantile onset. We screened 72 children with low 5-methyltetrahydrofolate concentrations(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, whereas l-arginine (Arg) and l-homoarginine (hArg) serve as substrates for NO synthesis. ADMA and other methylated arginines are generally believed to exclusively derive from guanidine (N G)-methylated arginine residues in proteins by protein arginine(More)
Plasma concentration of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis from l-arginine and a cardiovascular risk factor, was found to be elevated in plasma of homocysteinemic adults. Enhanced cardiovascular risk due to homocystinuria and impaired renal function has been found in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU)(More)
Knowledge on pediatric herpes simplex virus encephalitis is limited. Here we summarize 6 neonates and 32 children diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction (n = 37) or serological studies (n = 1), respectively. Diagnosis was difficult, as only 15 patients presented neurologic symptoms. Moreover, cerebrospinal fluid glucose, protein, and leukocytes were normal(More)