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Thirty-two untrained men [mean (SD) age 22.5 (5.8) years, height 178.3 (7.2) cm, body mass 77.8 (11.9) kg] participated in an 8-week progressive resistance-training program to investigate the "strength-endurance continuum". Subjects were divided into four groups: a low repetition group (Low Rep, n = 9) performing 3-5 repetitions maximum (RM) for four sets(More)
In patients with acute lung injury, high levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) may be necessary to maintain or restore oxygenation, despite the fact that 'aggressive' mechanical ventilation can markedly affect cardiac function in a complex and often unpredictable fashion. As heart rate usually does not change with PEEP, the entire fall in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of nicardipine prolonged-release implants (NPRIs) on cerebral vasospasm and clinical outcome after severe subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS Thirty-two patients with severe subarachnoid hemorrhage and undergoing aneurysm clipping were included into this single center, randomized,(More)
In anaesthetized rats antinociceptive effects of the clinically available drug memantine, an NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) antagonist in vitro, were evaluated using extracellular recordings from spinal neurones with knee joint input. Memantine (1-12 mg kg-1) was applied intravenously before (control animals) or after induction of an acute knee joint(More)
The pathogenesis of neurological sequelae in glutaric aciduria I (GA I) is still unclear. Some evidence exists for compromised energy generation in the brain of patients with GA I resulting in 'slow-onset' excitotoxicity. Previously, we have shown a reduced activity of the mitochondrial ATPsynthase in cultured mixed cortex cells from neonatal rats incubated(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction as a consequence of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion due to therapy with nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) has been proposed as a pathogenic mechanism leading to lipoatrophy in HIV-infected patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of NRTI treatment on mtDNA abundance and the(More)
Schimke-immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is an autosomal recessive disorder with the main clinical findings of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, nephrotic syndrome, and defective cellular immunity. Vaso-occlusive processes, especially generalized atherosclerosis, are a life-limiting complication in patients with severe SIOD. The nitric oxide synthase (NOS)(More)
The pathogenesis of neurodegeneration in neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) is still not clear despite progress in mutation analysis of these diseases. We have recently observed anomalies at the level of the mitochondrial ATPsynthase (complex V of the respiratory chain) in fibroblasts from children with CLN1, CLN2, CLN3 and in an ovine model (OCL6). The(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare two ventilator settings in the postoperative weaning period. Patient-triggered automatic switching between controlled ventilation and supported spontaneous breathing (Automode, AM) was compared to synchronised intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) with stepwise manual adjustment of mandatory frequency according to the breathing(More)
Hurler syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type 1H; MPS1H) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase activity. The natural course of this neurodegenerative disease inevitably leads to premature death within the first 10 years of life. Enzyme replacement therapy is effective in correcting the enzymatic deficiency of organs(More)