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Hurler syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type 1H; MPS1H) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase activity. The natural course of this neurodegenerative disease inevitably leads to premature death within the first 10 years of life. Enzyme replacement therapy is effective in correcting the enzymatic deficiency of organs(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of treatment according to current evidence-based recommendations on the neurological outcome of patients with glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I). METHODS Fifty-two patients identified by newborn screening (NBS) in Germany from 1999 to 2009 were followed prospectively. Neurological outcome was assessed by the occurrence of an(More)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency is a rare neurometabolic disorder that is considered treatable if patients are identified before the onset of acute encephalopathic crises. To allow early identification of affected individuals, tandem mass spectrometry-based newborn screening for GCDH deficiency has been started in Germany in 1999. We(More)
In organotypic corticostriatal and hippocampal slice cultures from rat brain, 3-hydroxyglutaric acid but not glutaric and glutaconic acids induced neurodegeneration by activation of NMDA receptors. Electrophysiological investigations (Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing glutamate receptors; rat mixed cortex culture) revealed no direct interaction of(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, whereas l-arginine (Arg) and l-homoarginine (hArg) serve as substrates for NO synthesis. ADMA and other methylated arginines are generally believed to exclusively derive from guanidine (N G)-methylated arginine residues in proteins by protein arginine(More)
We retrospectively evaluated predictors of conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS) in 357 children with isolated optic neuritis (ON) as a first demyelinating event who had a median follow-up of 4.0 years. Multiple Cox proportional-hazards regressions revealed abnormal cranial magnet resonance imaging (cMRI; hazard ratio [HR] = 5.94, 95% confidence interval(More)
High circulating levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and low circulating levels of homoarginine (hArg) are known cardiovascular risk factors in adults. While in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) circulating ADMA is significantly elevated, in children and adolescents the reported ADMA data are contradictory. In 102 children with T1DM and(More)
Cerebral folate transport deficiency is an inherited brain-specific folate transport defect that is caused by mutations in the folate receptor 1 gene coding for folate receptor alpha (FRα). This genetic defect gives rise to a progressive neurological disorder with late infantile onset. We screened 72 children with low 5-methyltetrahydrofolate concentrations(More)
Plasma concentration of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis from l-arginine and a cardiovascular risk factor, was found to be elevated in plasma of homocysteinemic adults. Enhanced cardiovascular risk due to homocystinuria and impaired renal function has been found in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU)(More)
The l-arginine/nitric oxide (L-Arg/NO) pathway regulates endothelial function and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Yet, this pathway is poorly investigated in children suffering from DMD. Endothelial dysfunction can affect the perfusion of contracting muscles, thus leading to ischemia and hypoxia. In the(More)