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BACKGROUND Probiotics are effective in inflammatory bowel diseases. Clinical effectiveness and dose dependency of E. coli Nissle (EcN) enemas were investigated in ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS In a double-blind study, 90 patients with moderate distal activity in UC were randomly assigned to treatment with either 40, 20, or 10 ml enemas (N = 24, 23, 23)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS ISIS-2302, an antisense oligonucleotide directed against intercellular adhesion molecule 1, was effective in steroid refractory Crohn's disease in a pilot trial. The aim of this study was to investigate safety and efficacy of ISIS-2302 in chronic active Crohn's disease (CACD). METHODS A dose-interval, multicenter, placebo-controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-11 has shown benefit in animal inflammatory bowel disease models. Recently, recombinant human interleukin-11 (rhIL-11) has been observed to induce remission in a subset of patients with mild to moderate Crohn's disease (CD). The present study compared the efficacy of rhIL-11 versus prednisolone in remission induction in CD. METHODS(More)
The pancreatic duct or at least parts of this structure can be demonstrated today by sonography in 75-85% of all persons examined. In 84 persons we have now measured the caliber of the sonographically visualized pancreatic duct in the region of the proximal body of the pancreas with special attention to dependence on age. The diameter of Wirsung's duct(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of inflammatory bowel disease relapse has important implications for therapeutic strategies. Fecal S100A12 has been reported as a novel marker of intestinal inflammation. The objective was to investigate the utility of S100A12 as a marker for the confirmation of stable remission and prediction of relapses. METHODS We consecutively(More)
The pancreatic duct or at least parts of this structure can be demonstrated today by sonography in 75–85% of all persons examined. In 84 persons we have now measured the caliber of the sonographically visualized pancreatic duct in the region of the proximal body of the pancreas with special attention to dependence on age. The diameter of Wirsung's duct(More)
Dear Editor: Crohn's disease (CD), as one of the entities of inflammatory bowel disease, is associated with chronically relapsing inflammatory episodes. Although the terminal ileum and proximal colon are most frequently affected, the whole gastrointestinal tract can be involved. Additionally to the development of intestinal symptoms, CD typically affects(More)
The concentration of granulocyte elastase-alpha-1-protease inhibitor (E-AT) complex in plasma is enhanced in inflammatory processes, e.g. in septicaemia and rheumatoid arthritis, being an expression of granulocyte activation during inflammatory response. In the present study we measured E-AT and fibronectin in the plasma of 46 patients with various(More)
Since 1984 30 patients with severe exogenous intoxications have been treated by plasma perfusion. This method has advantages compared to other instrumental detoxification techniques, especially hemoperfusion; i.e. no loss of blood cells, no necessity for systemic anticoagulation and no blockage of the adsorber by thrombus. The plasma, which was obtained by(More)