Thomas Kris Knott

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Tolerance is an important element of drug addiction and provides a model for understanding neuronal plasticity. The hypothalamic-neurohypophysial system (HNS) is an established preparation in which to study the actions of alcohol. Acute application of alcohol to the rat neurohypophysis potentiates large-conductance calcium-sensitive potassium channels (BK),(More)
Short-term ethanol challenge results in the reduction of peptide hormone release from the rat neurohypophysis. However, rats that have been maintained on an ethanol-containing diet for 3 to 4 weeks exhibit tolerance to this effect. Mechanistic underpinnings of this tolerance were probed by examining four ion channel conductances critical for neurohormone(More)
In the olfactory epithelium (OE), odorant receptor stimulation generates cAMP signals that function in both odor detection and the regulation of axon guidance molecule expression. The enzyme that synthesizes cAMP, adenylyl cyclase 3 (AC3), is coexpressed in olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) with poly-N-acetyllactosamine (PLN) oligosaccharides determined by(More)
BACKGROUND Acute ethanol (EtOH) exposure reduces the evoked release of vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) from excised neurohypophyses and from dissociated neurohypophysial terminals of the rat. METHODS AND RESULTS Rats placed on a diet that maintained blood levels of 30 mM EtOH for 20 to 40 days developed tolerance to acute EtOH inhibition of release.(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a method that could reliably determine the arginine vasopressin (AVP) and/or oxytocin (OT) content of individual rat neurohypophysial terminals (NHT) >or=5 microm in diameter, the size used for electrophysiological recordings. We used a commercially available, highly sensitive enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) kit(More)
Olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) project to the rodent main olfactory bulb (MOB) from spatially distinct air channels in the olfactory recesses of the nose. The relatively smooth central channels of the dorsal meatus map onto the dorsal MOB, whereas the highly convoluted peripheral channels of the ethmoid turbinates project to the ventral MOB. Medial and(More)
Exogenous ATP induces inward currents and causes the release of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) from isolated neurohypophysial terminals (NHT); both effects are inhibited by the P2X2 and P2X3 antagonists, suramin and PPADS. Here we examined the role of endogenous ATP in the neurohypophysis. Stimulation of NHT caused the release of both AVP and ATP. ATP induced a(More)
The defining feature of the main olfactory system in mice is that each olfactory sensory neuron expresses only one of more than a thousand different odorant receptor genes. Axons expressing the same odorant receptor converge onto a small number of targets in the olfactory bulb such that each glomerulus is made up of axon terminals expressing just one(More)
NADPH diaphorase histochemical protocols were optimized for the histochemical labeling of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) in the nasal cavity and their axon terminals in glomeruli of the main olfactory bulb (MOB) in the Syrian hamster. This labeling was then used to map and quantify the spatial distribution of ORNs and their central projections.(More)
Bursts of action potentials are crucial for neuropeptide release from the hypothalamic neurohypophysial system (HNS). The biophysical properties of the ion channels involved in the release of these neuropeptides, however, cannot explain the efficacy of such bursting patterns on secretion. We have previously shown that ATP, acting via P2X receptors,(More)