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The purpose of liquid hot water and steam pretreatment of wood is to fractionate hemicelluloses, partially solubilize lignin, and enhance enzyme hydrolysis of cellulose. The pretreatment also solubilizes sugar oligomers, lignin-derived phenolic compounds, acetic acid, and furan derivatives that inhibit cellulase enzymes and/or impede fermentation of(More)
Single stage and multi-stage liquid hot water pretreatments of mixed hardwood pinchips were investigated at various severities (log R0  = 3.65-4.81) to assess the efficiencies of the pretreatments with respect to achieving high pentose sugar yields and improved enzymatic digestibility of pretreated cellulose. We investigate the effect of pretreatment(More)
Fundamental characterization of pretreated hardwood and its interactions with cellulolytic enzymes has confirmed that a pathway exists for dramatically reducing the loading of cellulase required for hydrolysis of pretreated biomass. We demonstrate that addition of protein effecting a seven-fold decrease in the specific activity of cellulases enables a(More)
Microfiltration of chicken extracts has the potential to significantly decrease the time required to detect Salmonella, as long as the extract can be efficiently filtered and the pathogenic microorganisms kept in a viable state during this process. We present conditions that enable microfiltration by adding endopeptidase from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens to(More)
The objective of this paper is to report liquefaction of pretreated and sterilized sugarcane bagasse for enhancing endoglucanase production through submerged fermentation by Aspergillus niger. After initial solid state fermentation of steam pretreated bagasse solids by A. niger, fed-batch addition of the substrate to cellulase in buffer over a 12h period,(More)
The rapid detection of Salmonella in ground meat requires that living microorganisms be brought to levels detectable by PCR, immunoassays, or similar techniques within 8 h. Previously, we employed microfiltration using hollow fiber membranes to rapidly process and concentrate viable bacteria in food extracts through a combination of enzyme treatment and(More)
We report detection of <13 CFU of Salmonella per 25 g egg white within 7 h by concentrating the bacteria using microfiltration through 0.2-μm cutoff polyethersulfone hollow fiber membranes. A combination of enzyme treatment, controlled cross-flow on both sides of the hollow fibers, and media selection were key to controlling membrane fouling so that rapid(More)
5-(Chloromethyl) Furfural (CMF) is a potential chemical building block for replacing petroleum-derived chemicals derived from lignocellulosic feedstocks. In this study, hand harvested corn stover and mechanically forage chopped corn stover was processed in a 1 L hydrolysis reactor to produce CMF in a biphasic, two solvent system. Both 1,2 dichloroethane(More)
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