Thomas Korff

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Paracrine interactions between endothelial cells (EC) and mural cells act as critical regulators of vessel wall assembly, vessel maturation and define a plasticity window for vascular remodeling. The present study was aimed at studying blood vessel maturation processes in a novel 3-dimensional spheroidal coculture system of EC and smooth muscle cells (SMC).(More)
During angiogenesis, anastomosing capillary sprouts align to form complex three-dimensional networks of new blood vessels. Using an endothelial cell spheroid model that was developed to study endothelial cell differentiation processes, we have devised a novel collagen gel-based three-dimensional in vitro angiogenesis assay. In this assay, cell(More)
Angiogenesis is essential in bone fracture healing for restoring blood flow to the fracture site. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor have been implicated in this process. Despite the importance of angiogenesis for the healing processes of damaged bones, the role of VEGF signaling in modulation of osteogenic differentiation in human(More)
The membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) drives fundamental physiological and pathophysiological processes. Among other substrates, MT1-MMP cleaves components of the extracellular matrix and activates other matrix-cleaving proteases such as MMP-2. Trafficking is a highly effective means to modulate MT1-MMP cell surface expression, and hence(More)
PURPOSE In glioma-in contrast to various other cancers-the impact of T-lymphocytes on clinical outcome is not clear. We investigated the clinical relevance and regulation of T-cell infiltration in glioma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN T-cell subpopulations from entire sections of 93 WHO°II-IV gliomas were computationally identified using markers CD3, CD8, and(More)
Normal placental development is dependent on the orchestrated differentiation of cytotrophoblast (CTB) cells. This study was aimed at studying cytotrophoblast cells from normal and preeclamptic pregnancies in a three-dimensional spheroid-based cell culture model. First trimester cytotrophoblast cells cultured as spheroids maintain their high proliferative(More)
Contact-dependent interactions between endothelial cells (ECs), as well as between ECs and mural cells, play a key role in the formation of a regular vascular system and the assembly of the vessel wall. Recent studies have identified ephrinB2 and EphB4 as markers and makers of arteriovenous differentiation during vascular development. On the basis of these(More)
Single endothelial cells (EC) seeded in suspension culture rapidly undergo apoptosis. Addition of survival factors, such as VEGF and FGF-2, does not prevent apoptosis of suspended EC. However, when cells are allowed to establish cell-cell contacts, they become responsive to the activities of survival factors. These observations have led to the development(More)
Macrophages contribute to tissue homeostasis in the developing as well as the adult organism. They promote tissue regeneration and remodeling after injury, which requires efficient neoangiogenesis. Signaling pathways activating an angiogenic program in macrophages are still poorly defined. We report that apoptotic cells (ACs), which originate from stressed(More)
OBJECTIVE Localization of atherosclerotic plaques typically correlates with areas of biomechanical strain where shear stress is decreased while stretch, thought to promote atherogenesis through enhanced oxidative stress, is increased. METHODS AND RESULTS In human cultured endothelial cells, nitric oxide synthase expression was exclusively shear(More)