Thomas Koperna

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Some patients are prone to persisting intraabdominal infection regardless of initial eradication of the source of infection. Our aim was to characterize patients who had to undergo relaparotomy for persisting abdominal sepsis using simple clinical parameters and to define those patients who are susceptible to benefit of aggressive surgical treatment by(More)
n = 9) should be regarded as a palliative measure. Within a short period, CT-guided aspiration led to recurrence of symptoms in seven of our patients. Standard treatment of NPHC is fenestration with widest possible excision of the cystic wall, which can be performed laparoscopically ( n = 10) or by the conventional surgical mode ( n = 54). One patient was(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical significance of present scoring systems for prognosis and treatment in patients with secondary bacterial peritonitis and to define risk factors for patient survival and outcome not included in the scores. A secondary objective was to review our therapeutic regimens and the need for reoperation with regard to outcome. (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The studies published so far mention a high rate of complication and conversion in laparoscopic surgical treatment of acute cholecystitis. Considering the relatively high conversion rate in cases of acute cholecystitis, it is necessary to pre-operatively estimate the chance of successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy. One of the aims of this(More)
The excessive uncontrolled activation of inflammatory cells and mediators after trauma or major surgery plays a key role in the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome and multiple organ system failure (MOSF). In the past elevated cytokine levels were shown to influence the outcome of these patients adversely. There are diverging results(More)
Although cancer in the elderly is extremely common, few health professionals in oncology are familiar with caring for series of oncogeriatric patients. Surgery is at present the first choice, but is frequently delivered suboptimally: under-treatment is justified by concerns about unsustainable toxicity, whilst over-treatment is explained by the lack of(More)
In order to investigate the regulation of intracellular pH (pHi) in freshly isolated human colonocytes, we have used a newly developed technique for the rapid isolation and covalent attachment of these cells to glass surfaces and microspectrofluorimetric measurement of the pH-sensitive fluorescence of 2′,7′-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein(More)
Symptomatic nonparasitic cysts of the liver require surgical intervention. Seventy-one patients were treated between 1977 and 1993 at the Department of General Surgery, University of Vienna. Different surgical treatments were compared with regard to complications and recurrence. Interventional puncture led to recurrences in nearly all cases and represents(More)
In this study we have investigated the effects of the multidrug-resistance (MDR) modifiers verapamil (VPM), cyclosporin A (CsA) and tamoxifen (TMX) on the intracellular pH(pHi) of four colon carcinoma-derived cell lines with low P-glycoprotein expression (CaCo-2, HT-29, SW 620 and SW 480). Addition of VPM (1 mu M), CsA (1 microgram/ml) or TMX (2 microM) in(More)