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Successful correction of facial asymmetry by mandibular distraction osteogenesis relies on mastering vector control. Lack of necessary vector control continues to compromise the treatment modality. The purpose of this study was to describe a new simplified method for vector transfer and to evaluate this method according to the outcome and the efficacy of(More)
Distraction osteogenesis has recently become a mainstay for treatment of mandibular hypoplasia. Thorough knowledge about changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the surrounding parts of the mandible and the skull after mandibular distraction is still lacking. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the stress distribution in the(More)
Distraction osteogenesis has been accepted as an alternative treatment modality for hypoplastic mandibles. Knowledge about the changes occurring in the temporomandibular joint region during mandibular distraction osteogenesis is, however, limited and controversial. Stress distribution in the temporomandibular joint region during unilateral vertical(More)
Mandibular distraction osteogenesis fails in correcting the skeletal deformities if the vector of distraction is incorrect. Lack of vector control is caused mainly by two factors: first, deficient vector planning and transfer, and, second, resistance of the masticatory muscles and the remaining soft tissue envelope toward elongation. To enhance predictable(More)
Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is, despite impressive results, compromised as a treatment modality by difficulties with vector control independent of whether intra- or extraoral devices are used. Resistance of the masticatory muscles and the remaining soft tissue envelope toward elongation and incorrect planning and transfer of the vector cause lack of(More)
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