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Tolerance is an important element of drug addiction and provides a model for understanding neuronal plasticity. The hypothalamic-neurohypophysial system (HNS) is an established preparation in which to study the actions of alcohol. Acute application of alcohol to the rat neurohypophysis potentiates large-conductance calcium-sensitive potassium channels (BK),(More)
Short-term ethanol challenge results in the reduction of peptide hormone release from the rat neurohypophysis. However, rats that have been maintained on an ethanol-containing diet for 3 to 4 weeks exhibit tolerance to this effect. Mechanistic underpinnings of this tolerance were probed by examining four ion channel conductances critical for neurohormone(More)
Automats for patch clamping suspended cells in whole-cell configuration must (1) bring isolated cells in contact with patch contacts, (2) form gigaseals, and (3) establish stable intracellular access that allows for high quality recording of ionic currents. Single openings in planar substrates seem to be intriguing simple solutions for these problems, but(More)
In the olfactory epithelium (OE), odorant receptor stimulation generates cAMP signals that function in both odor detection and the regulation of axon guidance molecule expression. The enzyme that synthesizes cAMP, adenylyl cyclase 3 (AC3), is coexpressed in olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) with poly-N-acetyllactosamine (PLN) oligosaccharides determined by(More)
BACKGROUND Acute ethanol (EtOH) exposure reduces the evoked release of vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) from excised neurohypophyses and from dissociated neurohypophysial terminals of the rat. METHODS AND RESULTS Rats placed on a diet that maintained blood levels of 30 mM EtOH for 20 to 40 days developed tolerance to acute EtOH inhibition of release.(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a method that could reliably determine the arginine vasopressin (AVP) and/or oxytocin (OT) content of individual rat neurohypophysial terminals (NHT) >or=5 microm in diameter, the size used for electrophysiological recordings. We used a commercially available, highly sensitive enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) kit(More)
Olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) project to the rodent main olfactory bulb (MOB) from spatially distinct air channels in the olfactory recesses of the nose. The relatively smooth central channels of the dorsal meatus map onto the dorsal MOB, whereas the highly convoluted peripheral channels of the ethmoid turbinates project to the ventral MOB. Medial and(More)
Audio guides are a common way to provide museum visitors with an opportunity for personalized, self-paced information retrieval. However, this personalization conflicts with some of the reasons many people go to museums, i.e., to socialize, to be with friends, and to discuss the exhibit as they experience it [1]. We developed an interactive museum(More)
The cardiac late Na (+) current is generated by a small fraction of voltage-dependent Na (+) channels that undergo a conformational change to a burst-gating mode, with repeated openings and closures during the action potential (AP) plateau. Its magnitude can be augmented by inactivation-defective mutations, myocardial ischemia, or prolonged exposure to(More)
NADPH diaphorase histochemical protocols were optimized for the histochemical labeling of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) in the nasal cavity and their axon terminals in glomeruli of the main olfactory bulb (MOB) in the Syrian hamster. This labeling was then used to map and quantify the spatial distribution of ORNs and their central projections.(More)