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BACKGROUND Instillation of contrast medium into stab wounds has shown promising results regarding visibility and assessment of general stab direction with computed tomography. However, the accuracy of this method--and, incidentally also probing of stab wounds--has to our knowledge not previously been examined. Also the effect of bluntness of different(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) represent a highly specialized immune cell subset that produces large quantities of the anti-viral cytokines type I interferons (IFN-alpha and IFN-beta) upon viral infection. PDC employ a member of the family of toll-like receptors, TLR9, to detect CpG motifs (unmethylated CG dinucleotides in certain base context) present(More)
Determination of the manner of death in case of intraoral firearm wounds can be a challenge, especially if the circumstances of the incident are unclear and crime scene investigation is inadequate. It is a well-known fact that the mouth is one of the selected sites for suicide with firearms. Homicidal shooting through the mouth is said to be rare, but does(More)
We present a case of an individual who stabbed himself through the heart with a large knife. Post mortem computed tomography (CT) and CT-angiography were used to assess the stab channel and to reconstruct the sequence of events. After penetrating injuries to the chest, both the intra-thoracic organs and the injury causing instrument may shift (e.g. from(More)
Asphyxial suicide by placing a plastic bag over the head, especially in combination with inhalation of gases, is a rarely described method of committing suicide. This article reports a case of suicidal asphyxiation by inhaling the inert gas helium inside a plastic bag. A 64-year-old man probably followed the instructions described in an article about(More)
Varicose vein rupture is a rare cause of death, although varicosities are a common pathology. We present three cases of sudden death due to varicose vein rupture. After a review of the literature, the case circumstances and the findings of imaging examination, performed in two cases, are presented. One of them had undergone a post-mortem computed tomography(More)
OBJECTIVES Investigation of a terminally modified oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) directed against p53 mRNA (p53-3' polyethylene glycol-5' tocopherol ODN as a novel drug for pancreatic ductal carcinoma therapy in vitro and in vivo. METHODS The impact of lipophilic modifications at the 5' end of p53-directed ODNs on cellular uptake was analyzed in vitro using(More)
It is one of the most important tasks of the forensic pathologist to explain the forensically relevant medical findings to medical non-professionals. However, it is often difficult to comment on the nature and potential consequences of organ injuries in a comprehensive way to individuals with limited knowledge of anatomy and physiology. This rare case of(More)
Anti-cancer therapy in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is mostly based on surgical removal or palliative therapy using antimetabolites, like 5'-fluorouracil or gemcitabine. Adjuvant treatment using these chemotherapeutics has recently proven a beneficial concept, though general survival rates are still poor. Most recently, combination therapy of(More)
The definition of an optimal siRNA results from the in vitro testing of several siRNA designed to specifically target a gene. Usually, such in vitro tests consist in the transfection of the several siRNA duplexes in a cell expressing stably the gene of interest. When a siRNA specific for a mRNA coding toxic proteins (certain transcription factors,(More)
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