Thomas Kartnig

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Ethiopian medicinal plants used for the treatment of a variety of ailments including infectious diseases were screened for activity against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2). Seventy-one polar and nonpolar extracts derived from 21 plants belonging to 14 families were tested for inhibition of viral replication using HIV-1(More)
Fifteen crude extracts prepared from seven Ethiopian medicinal plants used to treat various infectious diseases were assessed for their ability to inhibit the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A preliminary screening of the crude extracts against M. tuberculosis typus humanus (ATCC 27294) was done by dilution assay using Löwenstein-Jensen medium. None(More)
The 74 samples of six HYPERICUM species (H. PERFOROTUM, H. HIRSUTUM, H. MACULATUM, H. TETRAPTERUM, H. MONTANUM, AND H. HUMIFUSUM) were collected around Slovenia and analysed for the content of ten substances (rutin, hyperoside, isoquercetin, quercitrin, quercetin, I3,II8-biapigenin, amentoflavone, pseudohypericin, hypericin, and hyperforin). The flowers(More)
The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of young pine shoots was investigated and compared with that of a commercial pine needle oil and chloramphenicol. The correlation between the antimicrobial activity of the essential oils and their compositions, analysed by gas chromatography, is discussed.
Callus and suspension cultures were established from shoot tips of CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA L. in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium and a modified MS medium. The flavonoid glycosides vitexin, vitexin 2- O-rhamnoside, rutin, and hyperoside, as well as the aglycones apigenin, luteolin, and quercetin, could be detected by TLC and HPLC in, however, varying amounts.(More)
Amentoflavone (I3', II8-biapigenin) was isolated from the roots of Biophytum sensitivum DC. (Oxalidaceae) and proved to be a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 catalysed prostaglandin biosynthesis when tested in vitro with an IC (50) value of 12.4 microM (standard: indomethacin, IC (50) = 1.1 microM). Doses of up to 37 microM showed only a slight(More)