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PURPOSE The purpose of our study was to investigate with MRI the development of thermal lesions in the human brain up to almost 4 years after laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT). METHOD Eighteen patients with brain tumors who underwent LITT entered the study. RESULTS In all patients the acute lesion comprised five concentric zones that(More)
The ongoing development of powerful magnetic resonance imaging techniques also allows for advanced possibilities to guide and control minimally invasive interventions. Various navigation concepts have been described for practically all regions of the body. The specific advantages and limitations of these concepts largely depend on the magnet design of the(More)
PURPOSE To localize the cortical motor hand area with functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before and after MR imaging--guided laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy of tumors in the precentral brain region to control energy delivery and to improve safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS Functional MR images were obtained in eight patients (five men, three(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Length of survival of patients with low-grade glioma correlates with the extent of tumor resection. These tumors, however, are difficult to distinguish intraoperatively from normal brain tissue, often leading to incomplete resection. Our goal was to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative MR guidance in achieving gross-total(More)
OBJECTIVE Laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) using a neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd: YAG) laser is a new therapeutic approach in the treatment of brain tumors. The purpose of our study was to determine the value of MRI in monitoring LITT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight patients with intracerebral tumors were treated with LITT. The light(More)
Patients with supratentorial high-grade glioma underwent surgery within a vertically open 0.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) system to evaluate the efficacy of intraoperative MR guidance in achieving gross-total resection. For 31 patients, preoperative clinical data and MR findings were consistent with the putative diagnosis of a high-grade glioma, in 23 cases(More)
The purpose of this study was the application of the proton-resonance-frequency method to monitor laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) in a patient with an astrocytoma WHO II. A phase-sensitive two-dimensional (2D) fast low-angle shot (FLASH) sequence was used to determine the temperature-related phase shifts during LITT. Temperature maps were(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze possible associations between functional simultaneous (18)F-FDG-PET/MR imaging parameters and histopathological parameters in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS 11 patients (2 female, 9 male; mean age 56.0years) with biopsy-proven primary HNSCC underwent simultaneous (18)F-FDG-PET/MRI with a dedicated(More)
To investigate the correlation between the neuropathologic findings after laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) and MRI temperature maps during laser irradiation, a total of six pig brains from cadavers were treated with a Nd:YAG laser (lambda = 1,064 nm, 3.8 W) for 15 minutes. For MRI monitoring, we used a phase-sensitive two-dimensional (2D)(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic capability of simultaneous 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/MRI compared to 18F-FDG PET/CT as well as their single components in head and neck cancer patients. In a prospective study 17 patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT for staging or follow-up and an additional 18F-FDG(More)