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PURPOSE The purpose of our study was to investigate with MRI the development of thermal lesions in the human brain up to almost 4 years after laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT). METHOD Eighteen patients with brain tumors who underwent LITT entered the study. RESULTS In all patients the acute lesion comprised five concentric zones that(More)
The ongoing development of powerful magnetic resonance imaging techniques also allows for advanced possibilities to guide and control minimally invasive interventions. Various navigation concepts have been described for practically all regions of the body. The specific advantages and limitations of these concepts largely depend on the magnet design of the(More)
PURPOSE To localize the cortical motor hand area with functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging before and after MR imaging--guided laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy of tumors in the precentral brain region to control energy delivery and to improve safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS Functional MR images were obtained in eight patients (five men, three(More)
OBJECTIVE Laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) using a neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd: YAG) laser is a new therapeutic approach in the treatment of brain tumors. The purpose of our study was to determine the value of MRI in monitoring LITT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight patients with intracerebral tumors were treated with LITT. The light(More)
The purpose of this study was the application of the proton-resonance-frequency method to monitor laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) in a patient with an astrocytoma WHO II. A phase-sensitive two-dimensional (2D) fast low-angle shot (FLASH) sequence was used to determine the temperature-related phase shifts during LITT. Temperature maps were(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze possible associations between functional simultaneous (18)F-FDG-PET/MR imaging parameters and histopathological parameters in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS 11 patients (2 female, 9 male; mean age 56.0years) with biopsy-proven primary HNSCC underwent simultaneous (18)F-FDG-PET/MRI with a dedicated(More)
BACKGROUND An update of results from the High Risk Protocol of the Meta-EICESS Study, conducted at the Pediatric Stem-Cell Transplant Centers of Düsseldorf and Vienna. In order to evaluate a possible therapeutic benefit after allogeneic SCT in patients with advanced Ewing tumors (AET), we compared outcome after autologous and allogeneic stem-cell(More)
MR techniques have been demonstrated to allow a reliable monitoring of laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT). However, an adequate on-line control of this coagulation technique requires an exact therapy planning. The latter is mandatory to interpret the MR-monitoring data correctly to guarantee a precise laser irradiation. Moreover, it is a(More)
An echo-shifted TurboFLASH sequence implemented on a clinical whole body MR scanner was used to determine thermal changes in tissue. With this snapshot-like data acquisition, temperature-related phase shifts were measured with a temporal resolution of 1.3 s. For different types of tissue (postmortem porcine brain, liver, and muscle) the temperature(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential value of i.v. gadolinium-diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (Gd-DTPA) applied before MRI-guided laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) of brain tumors without original enhancement, especially in defining total lesion size during therapy. MRI-guided LITT was performed on two patients with(More)