Thomas Kaasgaard

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Temperature-controlled atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to visualize and study the structure and kinetics of ripple phases in one-component dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and two-component dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine-distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC-DSPC) lipid bilayers. The lipid bilayers are mica-supported double bilayers in which(More)
The thermotropic phase behavior and lateral structure of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) lipid bilayers containing an acylated peptide has been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) on vesicles and atomic force microscopy (AFM) on mica-supported bilayers. The acylated peptide, which is a synthetic decapeptide N-terminally linked to(More)
Direct visualization of the fluid-phase/ordered-phase domain structure in mica-supported bilayers composed of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine/1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine mixtures is performed with atomic force microscopy. The system studied is a double bilayer supported on a mica surface in which the top bilayer (which is not in(More)
The selectivity of anticancer drugs in targeting the tumour tissue presents a major problem in cancer treatment. In this article we review a new generation of smart liposomal nanocarriers that can be used for enhanced anticancer drug and prodrug delivery to tumours. The liposomes are engineered to be particularly degradable to secretory phospholipase A2(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD More than 10 million people worldwide are diagnosed with cancer each year, and the development of effective cancer treatments is consequently of great significance. Cancer therapy is unfortunately hampered by severe dose-limiting side effects that reduce the efficacy of cancer treatments. In the search for more effective cancer(More)
Two lipophilic methotrexate analogues have been synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicity against KATO III and HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Both analogues contained a C16-alkyl chain attached to the gamma-carboxylic acid and one of the analogues had an additional benzyl group attached to the alpha-carboxylic acid. The cytotoxicity of the gamma-alkylated(More)
This study investigates the screening effect of poly(ethylene glycol)-phospholipids (PE-PEG) on the interaction of avidin with PEGylated liposomes containing surface-bound biotin ligands. The influence of grafting density and lipopolymer chain length is examined. A simple fluorescence assay involving a receptor-mediated fluorescence increase of(More)
A host of water-soluble enzymes are active at membrane surfaces and in association with membranes. Some of these enzymes are involved in signalling and in modification and remodelling of the membranes. A special class of enzymes, the phospholipases, and in particular secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), are only activated at the interface between water(More)
Amphiphile lyotropic liquid crystalline self-assembly materials are being used for a diverse range of applications. Historically, the most studied lyotropic liquid crystalline phase is probably the one-dimensional (1-D) lamellar phase, which has been employed as a model system for biomembranes and for drug delivery applications. In recent years, the(More)
Fluoresence technique involving a receptor-mediated fluorescence increase of bodipy-labeled avidin upon binding to biotinylated lipids has been used to investigate the steric barrier effect of submicellar concentrations of poly(ethylene glycol)-phospholipids (PE-PEG(2000) and PE-PEG(5000)) incorporated into pure DPPC liposomes as well as PE-PEG(5000)(More)