Thomas Kaasgaard

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Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) has been used to study the effects of repeated freezing and thawing on dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) vesicles. Aqueous suspensions of both multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) and large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) were cycled between -37 and 8 degrees C, and for each thawing event, the enthalpy of ice-melting was(More)
Temperature-controlled atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to visualize and study the structure and kinetics of ripple phases in one-component dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and two-component dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine-distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC-DSPC) lipid bilayers. The lipid bilayers are mica-supported double bilayers in which(More)
A host of water-soluble enzymes are active at membrane surfaces and in association with membranes. Some of these enzymes are involved in signalling and in modification and remodelling of the membranes. A special class of enzymes, the phospholipases, and in particular secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), are only activated at the interface between water(More)
Amphiphile lyotropic liquid crystalline self-assembly materials are being used for a diverse range of applications. Historically, the most studied lyotropic liquid crystalline phase is probably the one-dimensional (1-D) lamellar phase, which has been employed as a model system for biomembranes and for drug delivery applications. In recent years, the(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD More than 10 million people worldwide are diagnosed with cancer each year, and the development of effective cancer treatments is consequently of great significance. Cancer therapy is unfortunately hampered by severe dose-limiting side effects that reduce the efficacy of cancer treatments. In the search for more effective cancer(More)
The selectivity of anticancer drugs in targeting the tumour tissue presents a major problem in cancer treatment. In this article we review a new generation of smart liposomal nanocarriers that can be used for enhanced anticancer drug and prodrug delivery to tumours. The liposomes are engineered to be particularly degradable to secretory phospholipase A2(More)
Nanomedicine as a field has emerged from the early success of nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems, in particular for treatment of cancer, and the advances made in nano- and biotechnology over the past decade. A prerequisite for nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems to be effective is that the drug payload is released at the target site. A large(More)
This study investigates the screening effect of poly(ethylene glycol)-phospholipids (PE-PEG) on the interaction of avidin with PEGylated liposomes containing surface-bound biotin ligands. The influence of grafting density and lipopolymer chain length is examined. A simple fluorescence assay involving a receptor-mediated fluorescence increase of(More)
Fluoresence technique involving a receptor-mediated fluorescence increase of bodipy-labeled avidin upon binding to biotinylated lipids has been used to investigate the steric barrier effect of submicellar concentrations of poly(ethylene glycol)-phospholipids (PE-PEG(2000) and PE-PEG(5000)) incorporated into pure DPPC liposomes as well as PE-PEG(5000)(More)
Direct visualization of the fluid-phase/ordered-phase domain structure in mica-supported bilayers composed of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine/1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine mixtures is performed with atomic force microscopy. The system studied is a double bilayer supported on a mica surface in which the top bilayer (which is not in(More)