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Muscle-driven simulations of human and animal motion are widely used to complement physical experiments for studying movement dynamics. Musculotendon models are an essential component of muscle-driven simulations, yet neither the computational speed nor the biological accuracy of the simulated forces has been adequately evaluated. Here we compare the speed(More)
Computational modeling and simulation of neuromusculoskeletal (NMS) systems enables researchers and clinicians to study the complex dynamics underlying human and animal movement. NMS models use equations derived from physical laws and biology to help solve challenging real-world problems, from designing prosthetics that maximize running speed to developing(More)
Muscles attach to bones via tendons that stretch and recoil, affecting muscle force generation and metabolic energy consumption. In this study, we investigated the effect of tendon compliance on the metabolic cost of running using a full-body musculoskeletal model with a detailed model of muscle energetics. We performed muscle-driven simulations of running(More)
The identification of parameters in multibody systems governed by ordinary differential equations, given noisy experimental data for only a subset of the system states, is considered in this work. The underlying optimization problem is solved using a combination of the Gauss–Newton and single-shooting methods. A homotopy transformation motivated by the(More)
Impacts are instantaneous, computationally efficient approximations of collisions. Current impact models sacrifice important physical principles to achieve that efficiency, yielding qualitative and quantitative errors when applied to simultaneous impacts in spatial multibody systems. We present a new impact model that produces behaviour similar to that of a(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Many mechanical systems of practical interest contain closed kinematic chains, and are most conveniently modeled using a set of redundant generalized coordinates. The governing dynamic equations for systems with more coordinates than degrees-of-freedom are differential-algebraic, and can be difficult to solve(More)
Tools have been used for millions of years to augment the capabilities of the human body, allowing us to accomplish tasks that would otherwise be difficult or impossible. Powered exoskeletons and other assistive devices are sophisticated modern tools that have restored bipedal locomotion in individuals with paraplegia and have endowed unimpaired individuals(More)
Wearable robotic devices can restore and enhance mobility. There is growing interest in designing devices that reduce the metabolic cost of walking; however, designers lack guidelines for which joints to assist and when to provide the assistance. To help address this problem, we used musculoskeletal simulation to predict how hypothetical devices affect(More)
This paper studies the application of the Lie series to the problem of parameter identification in multibody systems. Symbolic computing is used to generate the equations of motion and the associated Lie series solutions automatically. The symbolic Lie series solutions are used to define a procedure for computing the sum of the squared Euclidean distances(More)