Thomas K. H. Chang

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UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes catalyze the conjugation of various endogenous substances (e.g., bilirubin) and exogenous compounds (e.g., drugs). The human UGT superfamily is comprised of 2 families (UGT1 and UGT2) and 3 subfamilies (UGT1A, UGT2A, and UGT2B). Many of the individual UGT enzymes are expressed not only in liver but also in(More)
The present study identifies the specific human cytochrome P-450 (CYP) enzymes involved in hydroxylation leading to activation of the anticancer drug cyclophosphamide and its isomeric analogue, ifosphamide. Substantial interindividual variation (4-9-fold) was observed in the hydroxylation of these oxazaphosphorines by a panel of 12 human liver microsomes,(More)
A variety of chemicals, including triacetyloleandomycin (TAO), alpha-naphthoflavone (ANF), and diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC), are widely used as inhibitory probes for select individual human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, despite the fact that the selectivity of these inhibitors has not been rigorously evaluated. In the present study we take advantage of(More)
The level of expression and interindividual variation in human hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B6 was characterized using a polyclonal antibody (WB-2B6) raised against rat CYP2B1. Immunoblot analysis using cDNA-expressed human CYPs revealed strong cross-reactivity of this antibody with CYP2B6 (limit of detection < 0.05 pmol) and only minor(More)
The anticancer oxazaphosphorine prodrugs cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide are activated in human liver by a 4-hydroxylation reaction catalyzed by multiple cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. In the present study, we used a cultured human hepatocyte model to identify possible inducers of the CYP-catalyzed activation of these two anticancer prodrugs. Treatment of(More)
The membrane-bound endogenous fatty acid arachidonic acid can be released from membranes by phospholipases and then metabolized to biologically active compounds by cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases, and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. In the liver the CYP pathway is the most significant. Liver CYP arachidonate products include epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs)(More)
Cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide are alkylating agent prodrugs that require activation by cytochrome P450 (CYP) to manifest their cancer chemotherapeutic activity. The present study investigates the activity of four individual human CYP2C enzymes and their allelic variants in cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide activation as an initial attempt to gain insight(More)
Alpha-2 adrenergic receptors (alpha2 AR) mediate incorporation of guanosine 5'-O-(gamma-thio)triphosphate ([35S]GTPgammaS) into isolated membranes via receptor-catalyzed exchange of [35S]GTPgammaS for GDP. In the current study, we used [35S]GTPgammaS incorporation to characterize the intrinsic activity and potency of agonists and antagonists at the cloned(More)
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and pregnane X receptor (PXR) mediate the expression of mammalian cytochrome p450 (p450) 2B genes, including CYP2B6 in humans. Large interindividual differences exist in hepatic CYP2B6 expression, but the molecular basis for this variability is not well understood. In the present study, we developed real-time(More)
The present study was performed to determine if trans-resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) modulates the catalytic activity and gene expression of cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1). In vitro, trans-resveratrol decreased human recombinant CYP1B1-catalyzed 7-ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylation activity, with an IC50 value of 1.4 +/- 0.2 microM (mean +/- SEM).(More)