Thomas K Greenfield

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The present study was undertaken to examine the utility of the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as screening instruments for primary care clinic patients. We examined: 1) patients' willingness to complete the scales; 2) the level of agreement between the screening instruments and DSM-III(More)
AIM To review and discuss measurement issues in survey assessment of alcohol consumption for epidemiological studies. METHODS The following areas are considered: implications of cognitive studies of question answering such as self-referenced schemata of drinking, reference period and retrospective recall, as well as the assets and liabilities of types of(More)
Alcohol consumption causes injury in a dose-response manner. The most common mode of sustaining an alcohol-attributable injury is from a single occasion of acute alcohol consumption, but much of the injury literature employs usual consumption habits to assess risk instead. An analysis of the acute dose-response relationship between alcohol and injury is(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between partner alcohol use and violence as risk factors for poor mental health in women is unclear. AIMS To describe partner-related and other psychosocial risk factors for common mental disorders in women and examine interrelationships between these factors. METHOD Data are reported on 821 women aged 18-49 years from a(More)
AIMS To examine the consistency and/or variability of gender differences in drinking behavior cross-culturally. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS Women's and men's responses in 16 general population surveys from 10 countries, analyzed by members of the International Research Group on Gender and Alcohol. MEASUREMENTS Comparable measures of drinking, versus(More)
Analyses of the prevalence and incidence of withdrawal symptoms in the general population can provide an estimate of the frequency of alcohol dependence in the population. Similar analyses in people who are being treated for alcoholism or alcohol-related problems can identify the need for and specific types of treatment required for these populations. Three(More)
AIMS AND DESIGN In order to assess the effects of survey modality on alcohol consumption estimates, data from two surveys using different interview modes (face-to-face and telephone) were compared on several alcohol measures. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Face-to-face survey data were drawn from the 1990 National Alcohol Survey, while the telephone data came(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of an average volume of alcohol consumption and drinking patterns on all-cause mortality. The sample (n = 5,072) was drawn from the 1984 National Alcohol Survey, representative of the US population living in households. Follow-up time was until the end of 1995, with 532 people deceased during this(More)
Racial and ethnic disparities in alcoholism treatment may exist with respect to treatment need as well as access to, appropriateness, and quality of care. For any given level of alcohol consumption, ethnic minority populations experience more negative consequences of drinking than Whites and therefore have greater treatment needs. Whether access to(More)
This paper reviews methodological issues in assessing volume and pattern of alcohol consumption. It focuses on three measures developed at the Alcohol Research Group (ARG) to assess frequencies of drinking in a graduated series of quantity intervals, called the graduated quantity-frequency (QF) approach. The three measures include two reference periods, 30(More)