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We evaluated the response of various muscle and bone adaptation parameters with 24 wk of strength training in healthy, early postmenopausal women when a nutrient supplement (protein, carbohydrate, calcium, and vitamin D) or a placebo supplement (a minimum of energy) was ingested immediately following each training session. At inclusion, each woman was(More)
Mobilization of fatty acids from stored triacylglycerol (TG) in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle [intramyocellular triacylglycerol (IMTG)] requires activity of lipases. Although exercise training increases the lipolytic capacity of skeletal muscle, the expression of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is not changed. Recently, adipose triglyceride lipase(More)
Skeletal muscle protein synthesis rate decreases during contractions but the underlying regulatory mechanisms are poorly understood. It was hypothesized that there would be a coordinated regulation of eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4EBP1) phosphorylation by signalling cascades downstream of rises(More)
In modern societies, oversupply of calories leads to obesity and chronic metabolic stress, which may lead to development of disease. Oversupply of calories is often associated with elevated plasma lipid concentrations and accumulation of lipids in skeletal muscle leading to decreased insulin sensitivity. Consequently, enhanced fat oxidation might be(More)
Individuals born with low birth weight (LBW) are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), which may be precipitated by physical inactivity. Twenty-two LBW subjects and twenty-three controls were studied before and after bed rest by the hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp combined with indirect calorimetry and infusion of stable isotope tracers(More)
FAs are mobilized from triglyceride (TG) stores during exercise to supply the working muscle with energy. Mice deficient for adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL-ko) exhibit defective lipolysis and accumulate TG in adipose tissue and muscle, suggesting that ATGL deficiency affects energy availability and substrate utilization in working muscle. In this study,(More)
The activation and function of Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) in contracting rat skeletal muscle was examined. The increase in autonomous activity and phosphorylation at Thr(287) of CaMKII of gastrocnemius muscle in response to contractions in situ was rapid and transient, peaking at 1-3 min, but reversed after 30 min of contractions. There(More)
Circulating interleukin (IL)-18 is elevated in obesity, but paradoxically causes hypophagia. We hypothesized that IL-18 may attenuate high-fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin resistance by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). We studied mice with a global deletion of the α-isoform of the IL-18 receptor (IL-18R(-/-)) fed a standard chow or HFD. We next(More)
The 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is considered "a metabolic master-switch" in skeletal muscle reducing ATP- consuming processes whilst stimulating ATP regeneration. Within recent years, AMPK has also been proposed as a potential target to attenuate insulin resistance, although the exact role of AMPK is not well understood. Here we hypothesized(More)
Thermo-responsive crosslinked nanogels of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) were synthesized by emulsion polymerization and the size was varied using different concentrations of surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS) in the polymerization process. The collapse behavior of the nanogels at the lower critical solution temperature at around 32 °C was investigated(More)