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Axin was identified as a regulator of embryonic axis induction in vertebrates that inhibits the Wnt signal transduction pathway. Epistasis experiments in frog embryos indicated that Axin functioned downstream of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) and upstream of beta-catenin, and subsequent studies showed that Axin is part of a complex including(More)
During Xenopus gastrulation, the internalizing mesendodermal cell mass is brought into contact with the multilayered blastocoel roof. The two tissues do not fuse, but remain separated by the cleft of Brachet. This maintenance of a stable interface is a precondition for the movement of the two tissues past each other. We show that separation behavior, i.e.,(More)
Endogenous phosphorylation was studied with highly purified fractions of the plasma membrane and the endoplasmic reticulum of SV40-transformed mouse fibroblasts using [gamma-32P]ATP and [gamma-32P]GTP as precursors. With ATP maximum overall incorporation of 32P into both membrane fractions occurred at pH 7.8 in the presence of 10 mM MgCl2 after incubation(More)
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