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The present paper describes two repetitive proteins representing common antigens of African trypanosomes which are non-variant and which are recognized early in infection by the host immune system. These antigens were identified by their ability to immunoreact with bovine serum taken during the early phase of a cyclic trypanosomal infection. Screening of a(More)
alpha-Tubulin can be posttranslationally modified in that its COOH-terminal amino acid residue, tyrosine, can be selectively removed and replaced again. This reaction cycle involves two enzymes, tubulin carboxypeptidase and tubulin tyrosine ligase. The functional significance of this unusual modification is unclear. The present study demonstrates that(More)
The cytoskeleton of Trypanosoma brucei has been analyzed by the high-resolution technique of quick-freeze deep-etch rotary-shadowing electron microscopy. The study provides detailed structural information on the subpellicular array of microtubules, the flagellum, and the interaction of these 2 major structures of the trypanosomal cytoskeleton with each(More)
Drug resistance in pathogenic trypanosomes threatens successful control of fatal sleeping sickness in man and hinders economic livestock production in sub-Saharan Africa. We report on the occurrence and development of drug resistance, and discuss the genetic basis of such resistance in Trypanosoma brucei. Understanding these mechanisms at the molecular(More)
The tubulin proteins of the parasitic hemoflagellate Trypanosoma brucei brucei were purified and characterized. Cytoskeletal microtubules of trypanosomes do not disrupt under conditions used to solubilize brain tubulins. Trypanosomal tubulins, solubilized by extensive sonication, were partially purified from the crude cell extracts by taxol-mediated(More)
The major component of the cytoskeleton of the parasitic hemoflagellate Trypanosoma brucei is a membrane skeleton which consists of a single layer of tightly spaced microtubules. This array encloses the entire cell body, and it is apposed to, and connected with, the overlying cell membrane. The microtubules of this array contain numerous(More)
A cDNA library derived from mRNA of metacestodes from Echinococcus multilocularis was constructed in the Escherichia coli expression vector lambda gt11 and screened with human patients' sera. The recombinant proteins of 11 positive phages were further evaluated for their potential as immunodiagnostic reagent. One isolated clone (from lysogen II/3)(More)
Cupiennin 1a, a cytolytic peptide isolated from the venom of the spider Cupiennius salei, exhibits broad membranolytic activity towards bacteria, trypanosomes, and plasmodia, as well as human blood and cancer cells. In analysing the cytolytic activity of synthesised all-d- and all-l-cupiennin 1a towards pro- and eukaryotic cells, a stereospecific mode of(More)
We have analyzed the TbAT1 gene, which codes for the P2 adenosine transporter, from Trypanosoma brucei field isolates to investigate a possible link between the presence of mutations in this gene and melarsoprol treatment failure. Of 65 T. b. gambiense isolates analyzed from a focus in north-western Uganda with high treatment failure rates following(More)