Thomas James Millar

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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate choroidal perfusion in glaucoma, using histological and angiographic techniques. METHODS We examined the choroidal vasculature in clinicopathological slides from 25 cases of primary open-angle glaucoma, five cases of optic atrophy, and 18 normal eyes. We measured choroidal thickness at fixed distances(More)
Kainic acid (KA, 12.5-100 nmol) or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA 25-250 nmol) was injected into the vitreous of one eye of urethane anaesthetized cats. Pattern electroretinograms (PERGs) were recorded to transient contrast reversing bars. Scotopic luminance electroretinograms (ERGs) were recorded to blue flashes. All doses of KA reduced the oscillatory(More)
The development of the rat adrenal medulla was studied at the ultrastructural level with particular emphasis placed on early discrimination of different catecholamine-storing cells. The first granule-containing cells, phaeochromoblasts, were seen at day 15 of gestation migrating into the anlage of the cortex. These cells were characterized by a few small(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to examine the possibilities of measuring tear osmolarity in a general clinical setting, and to identify the barriers preventing the uptake of new methodologies for its measurement. METHODS Five non-contact-lens wearers were recruited to evaluate the diagnostic capability of the TearLab. Three osmolarity measurements were(More)
Putative sites of acetylcholine synthesis in the retina of the embryonic and posthatched chick were localized immunohistochemically with antisera to choline acetyltransferase; the resultant choline acetyltransferase-like immunoreactivity (ChAT-IR) was compared to demonstrated sites of acetyltransferase (AChE) activity, and changes were followed in(More)
Somatostatin-like immunoreactive amacrine cells of the chicken retina have been characterized by immunohistochemistry at the light and electron microscope levels. The cell bodies were set back from the junction of the inner nuclear and inner plexiform layers, and prominent fibre plexuses were found in sublaminas 1 and 3-5 of the inner plexiform layer. The(More)
In the chicken retina, choline acetyltransferase-like immunoreactivity (ChAT-LI) defines three populations of cholinergic amacrine cells and two terminal bands in the inner plexiform layer (IPL). Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry defines two prominent bands within the IPL which corresponded to those containing ChAT. Other AChE-positive bands in the(More)
PURPOSE This review is intended to bring to the informed reader the current state of knowledge about meibomian lipids and the art for analyzing them. METHODS At the forefront of any endeavor, there are controversies, and these, along with future directions in the field, are brought to the reader's attention. RESULTS Function and anatomy of meibomian(More)
Cholinergic amacrine cells of the chicken retina were detected by immunohistochemistry using an antiserum against affinity-purified chicken choline acetyltransferase. Three populations of cells were detected: type I cholinergic amacrine cells had cell bodies on the border of the inner nuclear and inner plexiform layers and formed a prominent laminar band in(More)