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Magnetic resonance imaging zygapophyseal joint space changes (gapping) in low back pain patients following spinal manipulation and side-posture positioning: a randomized controlled mechanisms trial
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to quantify lumbar zygapophyseal (Z) joint space separation (gapping) in low back pain (LBP) subjects after spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) or side-postureExpand
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Zygapophyseal joint adhesions after induced hypomobility.
OBJECTIVE Adhesions (ADH) have been previously identified in many hypomobile joints, but not in the zygapophyseal (Z) joints of the spine. The objective of this study was to determine if connectiveExpand
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Grading Osteoarthritic Changes of the Zygapophyseal Joints from Radiographs: A Reliability Study.
OBJECTIVE This study tested the reliability of a 5-point ordinal scale used to grade the severity of degenerative changes of zygapophyseal (Z) joints on standard radiographs. METHODS ModificationsExpand
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Reliability of Human Lumbar Facet Joint Degeneration Severity Assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of the assessment of lumbar facet joint degeneration severity by analyzing degeneration subscales using magnetic resonance imagingExpand
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