Thomas J. Wronski

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To characterize osteopenic changes in ovariectomized (OVX) rats as a function of time, female Sprague Dawley rats (240 g body weight, 90 days old) were subjected to bilateral ovariectomy or sham surgery and killed at various times from 14–180 days postovariectomy. The proximal tibial metaphysis was processed undecalcified for quantitative bone(More)
Bone histomorphometry was performed in the proximal tibia and lumbar vertebra of female Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to either bilateral ovariectomy or sham surgery. Ovariectomized rats killed 10 weeks after surgery were characterized by osteopenia and histomorphometric indices of increased bone turnover at both skeletal sites. Osteoclast surface and(More)
The long-term skeletal effects of ovariectomy and aging were studied in female Sprague-Dawley rats sacrificed at 270, 370, and 540 days after bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) or sham surgery at 90 days of age. The proximal tibia was processed undecalcified for quantitative bone histomorphometry. For continuity, data from these late time points were combined with(More)
Osteopenic changes in cancellous bone tissue of the first lumbar vertebral body were characterized in ovariectomized (OVX) rats as a function of time. Female Sprague Dawley rats (240 g body weight, 90 days old) were subjected to bilateral ovariectomy or sham surgery and sacrificed at various times from 0-540 days postovariectomy. The first lumbar vertebra(More)
UNLABELLED Stromal/osteoblastic cell expression of RANKL and M-CSF regulates osteoclastogenesis. We show that aging is accompanied by increased RANKL and M-CSF expression, increased stromal/osteoblastic cell-induced osteoclastogenesis, and expansion of the osteoclast precursor pool. These changes correlate with age-related alterations in the relationship(More)
Skeletal unloading in the growing rat induces a temporary inhibition of bone formation and thereby a deficit in bone calcium compared with age-matched, normally loaded animals. To determine whether this deficit can be restored by skeletal reloading we measured bone formation rate at the tibiofibular junction and total bone calcium in the tibia and lumbar(More)
The FAM20 family of secreted proteins consists of three members (FAM20A, FAM20B, and FAM20C) recently linked to developmental disorders suggesting roles for FAM20 proteins in modulating biomineralization processes. The authors report here findings in knockout mice having null mutations affecting each of the three FAM20 proteins. Both Fam20a and Fam20c null(More)
The skeletal response to simulated weightlessness was studied in rats subjected to two different methods of suspension. Skeletal unloading of the hind limbs for a two week period was achieved by use of either a back harness or tail traction. In comparison to pair-fed control rats, back-suspended rats failed to gain weight whereas tail-suspended rats(More)
Selected histomorphometric parameters were measured in alveolar bone adjacent to rat molars treated with a 40-gram tipping force designed to tip the molar mesially and with a sham procedure. Undecalcified parasagittal sections of teeth and surrounding tissues were prepared for static and dynamic histomorphometry at 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 days. Initial tooth(More)
Several studies were performed in female rats to determine dose and time course changes in mRNA levels for matrix proteins in bone after a single administration of ethanol. As expected, dose-dependent transient increases in blood ethanol were measured. Additionally, there was mild hypocalcemia with no change in immunoreactive parathyroid hormone.(More)