Thomas J. Wheeler

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The kinetic parameters of D-glucose transport in liposomes reconstituted with the purified glucose transporter were determined. Net uptake and efflux both had Km values of 0.7 to 1.2 mM and Vmax values of 1.6 mumol/mg of protein/min. Equilibrium exchange had a Km of 35 mM and a Vmax of 50 mumol/mg of protein/min. By separating the liposomes from(More)
Previously we showed that hypoxia in heart stimulates glucose transport via translocation of glucose transporters from intracellular membranes to the plasma membrane. We later showed that rotenone, an inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation, also decreased intracellular transporters. Here, using another membrane fractionation technique, we show that rotenone(More)
Inorganic pyrophosphate and triphosphate inhibit adenylate deaminase from rat skeletal muscle with K1 values of 10 and 1.5 microM, respectively, in the presence of 150 mM KCl at pH 7. They act by reducing the apparent affinity of the enzyme for AMP, with relatively small effects on Vmax. The inhibitions are diminished by H+, the KI values increasing two- to(More)
Our previous studies on the acute regulation of glucose transport in perfused rat hearts were extended to explore further the mechanism of regulation by anoxia; to test the effects of palmitate, a transport inhibitor; and to compare the translocation of two glucose transporter isoforms (GLUT1 and GLUT4). Following heart perfusions under various conditions,(More)
Adenylate deaminase from rat skeletal muscle has been studied with the objective of understanding how the activity of the enzyme is regulated in vivo. ATP and GTP inhibit the enzyme at low concentrations in the presence of 150 mM KCl. The ATP inhibition is reversed as the ATP concentration is raised to physiological levels. The GTP inhibition is reversed as(More)
The glucose transporter is now identified but may have modifications or other subunits that control its activity. The kinetics and inhibitor binding studies are consistent with the carrier model with different degrees of asymmetry and a single binding site that varies in specificity depending on the conformation of the protein. The physical structure could(More)
We tested whether translocation of glucose transporters between subcellular membrane fractions is involved in the stimulation of glucose transport by anoxia by perfusing rat hearts in the presence or absence of oxygen. The hearts were then fractionated by a modification of the procedures of Watanabe, et al. (Watanabe, T., Smith, M. M., Robinson, F. W., and(More)
We examined several aspects of glucose transport reconstituted in liposomes, with emphasis on transporters of rat heart (mostly GLUT4) compared to those of human erythrocytes (GLUT1), and on effects of agents that modulate transport in intact cells. Several types of samples gave higher reconstituted activity using liposomes of egg lipids rather than soybean(More)
It has been claimed that the Km for infinite-cis uptake of glucose in human erythrocytes is so low that the carrier model for transport must be rejected. We redetermined this parameter for three experimental conditions and found instead that the Km values were in good agreement with the model. For each of a variety of cis glucose concentrations, cells were(More)