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The kinetic parameters of D-glucose transport in liposomes reconstituted with the purified glucose transporter were determined. Net uptake and efflux both had Km values of 0.7 to 1.2 mM and Vmax values of 1.6 mumol/mg of protein/min. Equilibrium exchange had a Km of 35 mM and a Vmax of 50 mumol/mg of protein/min. By separating the liposomes from(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) helps preserve heart and other organs under ischemic conditions. Previous studies indicated that it can be taken up by various cell types. Here we extended observations from our group that FBP could penetrate artificial lipid bilayers and be taken up by cardiac myocytes, comparing the uptake of FBP to that of L-glucose. Using(More)
Previously we showed that hypoxia in heart stimulates glucose transport via translocation of glucose transporters from intracellular membranes to the plasma membrane. We later showed that rotenone, an inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation, also decreased intracellular transporters. Here, using another membrane fractionation technique, we show that rotenone(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies from our project found that fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) enhanced the functional recovery of animal hearts after hypothermic preservation, and that rat cardiac myocytes take up FBP at 3 degrees C. In this study we tested the effects of FBP, as well as other compounds related to glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation, on the(More)
The glucose transporter is now identified but may have modifications or other subunits that control its activity. The kinetics and inhibitor binding studies are consistent with the carrier model with different degrees of asymmetry and a single binding site that varies in specificity depending on the conformation of the protein. The physical structure could(More)
Little is known about the relationship of aging to periodontal disease. The immune response undergoes aging-related changes resulting in loss of functional capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between levels of serum IgG antibodies against suspected periodontal pathogenic microorganisms to the presence or absence of(More)
We tested whether translocation of glucose transporters between subcellular membrane fractions is involved in the stimulation of glucose transport by anoxia by perfusing rat hearts in the presence or absence of oxygen. The hearts were then fractionated by a modification of the procedures of Watanabe, et al. (Watanabe, T., Smith, M. M., Robinson, F. W., and(More)
Adenylate deaminase from rat skeletal muscle has been studied with the objective of understanding how the activity of the enzyme is regulated in vivo. ATP and GTP inhibit the enzyme at low concentrations in the presence of 150 mM KCl. The ATP inhibition is reversed as the ATP concentration is raised to physiological levels. The GTP inhibition is reversed as(More)