Thomas J. Volk

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We describe and illustrate the new species Geomyces destructans. Bats infected with this fungus present with powdery conidia and hyphae on their muzzles, wing membranes, and/or pinnae, leading to description of the accompanying disease as white-nose syndrome, a cause of widespread mortality among hibernating bats in the northeastern US. Based on rRNA gene(More)
Circa 1900, a farmer from the eastern US planted 11 American chestnut (Castanea dentata) seeds on a newly established farm near West Salem in western Wisconsin. These trees were very successful, producing a large stand of over 6,000 trees. Since this area is well outside the natural range of chestnut, these trees remained free from chestnut blight until(More)
Recent molecular phylogenetic studies have revealed the existence of at least 50 species of Morchella worldwide and demonstrated a high degree of continental endemism within the genus. Here we describe 19 phylogenetic species of Morchella from North America, 14 of which are new (M. diminutiva, M. virginiana, M. esculentoides, M. prava, M. cryptica, M.(More)
Phenolic resins, phenol-formaldehyde polymers previously thought to be nonbiodegradable, are produced at an annual rate of 2.2 million metric tons in the United States for many industrial and commercial applications. Three independent lines of evidence established their biodegradability with the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Chromatic(More)
Three new species, Cantharellus phasmatis, Cantharellus flavus and Cantharellus spectaculus, all previously considered Cantharellus cibarius, are described in this study. The circumscription of these three species from C. cibarius and other Cantharellus species is supported by morphological differences and nuclear DNA sequence data (nLSU, ITS, TEF1). All(More)
Urnucratins A-C (1-3), which possess an unusual bisnaphthospiroether skeleton with one oxygen bridge and one C-C bridge and represent a new subclass of bisnaphthalenes, were isolated from the North American cup fungus Urnula craterium. Their structures, including absolute configurations, were determined by means of HRMS, NMR, and quantum chemical CD(More)
This study provides a set of nutritional and environmental parameters suitable for the growth of morel (Morchella crassipes) sclerotia in the laboratory, using a modification of the jar method of Ower et al. (U.S. patent 4,594,809, June 1986). The optimum nutritional and environmental conditions for morel sclerotium formation and maturation as determined in(More)
Anti- Bacillus cereus bioassay-guided fractionation of a crude extract of the American mushroom, Fomitopsis pinicola, was performed using thin-layer chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and preparative-scale HPLC. Five lanostane triterpenoids (1-5) and one ergostane steroid (6) were isolated and identified. Compound 1 is a new lanostane(More)
Blastomyces dermatitidis is the dimorphic fungal agent of blastomycosis, a disease that primarily affects humans and dogs. The clinical appearance of this mycosis is well characterized, but there is still little known about its environmental niche, having been isolated from nature only 21 times. We have developed a PCR-based assay to detect B. dermatitidis(More)
Carpophoroids traditionally attributed to Entoloma abortivum (“Aborted Entolomas”) represent malformed Armillaria fruiting bodies permeated by E. abortivum hyphae, as shown by our field observations and preliminary laboratory work. This contradicts the generally accepted hypothesis that carpophoroids are E. abortivum fruiting bodies colonized by Armillaria.(More)