Thomas J. Van Gilder

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To determine the burden of Salmonella infections in the United States, Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) investigators conducted population-based active surveillance for culture-confirmed Salmonella infections during 1996-1999 at FoodNet laboratories. In addition, all clinical microbiology FoodNet laboratories were surveyed to(More)
Richard L. Guerrant, Thomas Van Gilder, Ted S. Steiner, Nathan M. Thielman, Laurence Slutsker, Robert V. Tauxe, Thomas Hennessy, Patricia M. Griffin, Herbert DuPont, R. Bradley Sack, Phillip Tarr, Marguerite Neill, Irving Nachamkin, L. Barth Reller, Michael T. Osterholm, Michael L. Bennish, and Larry K. Pickering University of Virginia, Charlottesville;(More)
To assess trends in the burden of acute diarrheal illness, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducted a population-based telephone survey during 1998-1999, using a random-digit-dialing, single-stage Genesys-ID sampling method. During the 12-month study period, 12,755 persons were interviewed; after the exclusion of persons with(More)
BACKGROUND Outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections have involved direct transmission from animals and their environment to humans. We describe an outbreak among visitors to a Pennsylvania dairy and petting farm that provides public access to animals. METHODS We conducted both a case-control study among visitors to a farm to identify risk factors(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies on alcohol, tobacco, and violence suggest that children's behavior can be influenced by mass media; however, little is known about the effect of media on unintentional injuries, the leading cause of death among young persons in the United States. OBJECTIVE To determine how injury prevention practices are depicted in G-rated(More)
Active surveillance for laboratory-confirmed Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) infections was conducted at 5 Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) sites in the United States during 1996-1999. The annual incidence averaged 0.9 cases/100,000 population. After adjusting for missing data, the average annual incidence by race/ethnicity was 3.2(More)
Shigella is a common cause of diarrhea in the United States, and accurate surveillance is needed to determine the burden of illness that they cause. Active surveillance for culture-confirmed Shigella infection was done as part of the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet). A total of 4317 cases of shigellosis were reported during 1996-1999(More)
In 1997, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Program (FoodNet) conducted active surveillance for culture-confirmed cases of Campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio, Yersinia, Cyclospora, and Cryptosporidium in five Emerging Infections Program sites. FoodNet is a collaborative effort of the Centers for Disease(More)
An estimated 4 million bacterial foodborne illnesses occur in the United States annually. Many of these illnesses can be prevented by educating the public about food-safety practices. We investigated both the role of physicians as food-safety educators and the barriers to providing food-safety information. Participants were randomly selected physicians(More)
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