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Rel/NF-kappaB transcription factors are implicated in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis and transformation. The key to NF-kappaB regulation is the inhibitory IkappaB proteins. During response to diverse stimuli, IkappaBs are rapidly phosphorylated by IkappaB kinases (IKKs), ubiquitinated and undergo degradation. We have investigated the(More)
Free radical generating peroxides are potent skin irritants. After a single topical application of either 10, 20, or 40 mg of lauroyl peroxides or benzoyl peroxide on the dorsal skin of Sencar mice, the epidermal thickness increased markedly. No major inflammatory or vascular alterations were noted. On the other hand, 15 or 30% hydrogen peroxide produced an(More)
The tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate and the antileukemic agent mezerein are diterpene esters of plant origin with certain structural similarities. Both compounds, when applied topically to mouse skin, were equipotent on a molar basis in inducing hyperplasia, inflammation, and ornithine decarboxylase activity, as well as in reducing(More)
We tested the ability of avicins, a family of triterpenoid saponins obtained from Acacia victoriae (Bentham) (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae), to inhibit chemically induced mouse skin carcinogenesis. Varying doses of avicins were applied to shaved dorsal skin of SENCAR mice 15 min before application of 100 nmol of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) twice a(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) of cultured mouse epidermal cells is mediated by a gap junction protein, connexin 43, and is dependent on the calcium concentration in the medium, with higher GJIC in a high-calcium (1.2 mM) medium. In several mouse epidermal cell lines, we found a good correlation between the level of GJIC and that of(More)
Beta-transducing repeat-containing protein (betaTrCP) targets the ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of both beta-catenin and IkappaB, thereby playing an important role in beta-catenin/Tcf and NF-kappaB-dependent signaling. Here evidence is presented that beta-catenin/Tcf signaling elevates the expression of betaTrCP mRNA and protein in a(More)
The effects of phorbol ester tumor promoters and related compounds on superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase were examined. The treatment of adult mouse skin with 2 micrograms 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) resulted in a sustained decrease in the basal levels of both SOD and catalase activities in the epidermis. A decline in SOD activity(More)
To elucidate the role of keratin modification in tumor promotion, we investigated the keratin polypeptide patterns of mouse epidermis, papillomas, and carcinomas throughout an initiation-promotion experiment. The epidermal keratin modifications induced by repetitive 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate treatments in both initiated and noninitiated mouse(More)
Chemical carcinogenesis in mouse skin can be divided into the processes of initiation, promotion, and progression. The free-radical generator benzoyl peroxide is moderately active during the promotion stage. Repetitive treatment of mouse benign skin tumors (papillomas) with benzoyl peroxide (20 mg, twice weekly) increased the number of cumulative carcinomas(More)