Thomas J. Slaga

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To elucidate the role of keratin modification in tumor promotion, we investigated the keratin polypeptide patterns of mouse epidermis, papillomas, and carcinomas throughout an initiation-promotion experiment. The epidermal keratin modifications induced by repetitive 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate treatments in both initiated and noninitiated mouse(More)
Benzoyl peroxide, a widely used free radical-generating compound, promoted both papillomas and carcinomas when it was topically applied to mice after 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene initiation. Benzoyl peroxide was inactive on the skin as a complete carcinogen or as a tumor initiator. A single topical application of benzoyl peroxide produced a marked(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) of cultured mouse epidermal cells is mediated by a gap junction protein, connexin 43, and is dependent on the calcium concentration in the medium, with higher GJIC in a high-calcium (1.2 mM) medium. In several mouse epidermal cell lines, we found a good correlation between the level of GJIC and that of(More)
We have used an in vivo-in vitro approach to investigate the cellular aspects of two-stage skin carcinogenesis. Female SENCAR mice initiated with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) were promoted twice weekly with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Epidermal cultures from untreated or TPA-treated mice had few focus-forming cells resistant(More)
Our present understanding of two-stage carcinogenesis encompasses almost four decades of research. Evidence for chemical promotion or cocarcinogenesis was first provided by Berenblum, who reported that a regimen of croton oil (weak or noncarcinogenic) applied alternately with small doses of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) to mouse skin induced a larger number of tumors(More)
  • T J Slaga
  • 1986
The SENCAR mouse stock was selectively bred for eight generations for sensitivity to skin tumor induction by the two-stage tumorigenesis protocol using 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) as the initiator and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) as the promoter. The SENCAR mouse was derived by crossing Charles River CD-1 mice with(More)
Medulloblastoma (MB) is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) of the central nervous system (CNS) and the most common malignant primary brain tumor in children. Currently, poor risk and recurrent MB patients are treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy alone or in combination with surgery and irradiation. In order to improve on therapeutic outcome and reduce(More)
Homologous and heterologous gap-junctional intercellular communication (IC) was characterized in a panel of cell lines derived from selected stages of SENCAR mouse skin carcinogenesis. This panel included a "carcinogen-altered" cell line, 3PC, obtained from Ca2+-resistant primary adult keratinocytes after exposure to dimethylbenz(a)anthracene as well as(More)
The effects of skin-tumor-promoting and -nonpromoting agents on the kinetics of terminal differentiation of subpopulations of keratinocytes differing in buoyant density isolated from mice (SENCAR) that are very sensitive to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) promotion were investigated. Topical pretreatment of dorsal skin with complete (TPA),(More)