Thomas J . Slaga

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Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) of cultured mouse epidermal cells is mediated by a gap junction protein, connexin 43, and is dependent on the calcium concentration in the medium, with higher GJIC in a high-calcium (1.2 mM) medium. In several mouse epidermal cell lines, we found a good correlation between the level of GJIC and that of(More)
Rel/NF-kappaB transcription factors are implicated in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis and transformation. The key to NF-kappaB regulation is the inhibitory IkappaB proteins. During response to diverse stimuli, IkappaBs are rapidly phosphorylated by IkappaB kinases (IKKs), ubiquitinated and undergo degradation. We have investigated the(More)
The food antioxidants butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) were tested as tumor promoters on CD1 female mice initiated with 7, 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). At a dose of 1 mg twice weekly they did not promote skin tumors. Nor did they produce tumors when tested as a complete carcinogen without DMBA initiation. The(More)
Beta-transducing repeat-containing protein (betaTrCP) targets the ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of both beta-catenin and IkappaB, thereby playing an important role in beta-catenin/Tcf and NF-kappaB-dependent signaling. Here evidence is presented that beta-catenin/Tcf signaling elevates the expression of betaTrCP mRNA and protein in a(More)
To elucidate the possible role of NF-kappaB in mouse skin carcinogenesis we studied the expression of p50 (NF-kappaB1), p52 (NF-kappaB2), p65 (RelA) and IkappaB-alpha inhibitor as well as kappaB-binding activity in adult SENCAR mouse skin, skin papillomas, and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) generated by a two-stage carcinogenesis protocol. We found that in(More)
Free radical generating peroxides are potent skin irritants. After a single topical application of either 10, 20, or 40 mg of lauroyl peroxides or benzoyl peroxide on the dorsal skin of Sencar mice, the epidermal thickness increased markedly. No major inflammatory or vascular alterations were noted. On the other hand, 15 or 30% hydrogen peroxide produced an(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the [3H]thymidine label-retaining and the "maturing" classes of basal cells from the dorsal epidermis of adult SENCAR mice and to compare their early cellular kinetic responses to topical application of the tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Autoradiography of epidermal whole(More)
To elucidate the role of keratin modification in tumor promotion, we investigated the keratin polypeptide patterns of mouse epidermis, papillomas, and carcinomas throughout an initiation-promotion experiment. The epidermal keratin modifications induced by repetitive 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate treatments in both initiated and noninitiated mouse(More)
The loss or alteration of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) has long been proposed to play an important role in the process of carcinogenesis. In this study we examined the expression of three gap junction proteins, connexins (Cx)26, 43 and 31.1, in mouse hyperplastic skin, papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Tumors were induced(More)