Thomas J. Slaga

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To elucidate the role of keratin modification in tumor promotion, we investigated the keratin polypeptide patterns of mouse epidermis, papillomas, and carcinomas throughout an initiation-promotion experiment. The epidermal keratin modifications induced by repetitive 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate treatments in both initiated and noninitiated mouse(More)
Homologous and heterologous gap-junctional intercellular communication (IC) was characterized in a panel of cell lines derived from selected stages of SENCAR mouse skin carcinogenesis. This panel included a "carcinogen-altered" cell line, 3PC, obtained from Ca2+-resistant primary adult keratinocytes after exposure to dimethylbenz(a)anthracene as well as(More)
Benzoyl peroxide, a widely used free radical-generating compound, promoted both papillomas and carcinomas when it was topically applied to mice after 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene initiation. Benzoyl peroxide was inactive on the skin as a complete carcinogen or as a tumor initiator. A single topical application of benzoyl peroxide produced a marked(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) of cultured mouse epidermal cells is mediated by a gap junction protein, connexin 43, and is dependent on the calcium concentration in the medium, with higher GJIC in a high-calcium (1.2 mM) medium. In several mouse epidermal cell lines, we found a good correlation between the level of GJIC and that of(More)
We have used an in vivo-in vitro approach to investigate the cellular aspects of two-stage skin carcinogenesis. Female SENCAR mice initiated with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) were promoted twice weekly with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Epidermal cultures from untreated or TPA-treated mice had few focus-forming cells resistant(More)
Our present understanding of two-stage carcinogenesis encompasses almost four decades of research. Evidence for chemical promotion or cocarcinogenesis was first provided by Berenblum, who reported that a regimen of croton oil (weak or noncarcinogenic) applied alternately with small doses of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) to mouse skin induced a larger number of tumors(More)
The purpose of our study was to determine the inhibitory effect of combined phytochemicals on chemically induced murine skin tumorigenesis. Our hypothesis was that concurrent topical and dietary treatment with selected compounds would lead to more efficient prevention of skin cancer. We tested ellagic acid and calcium D-glucarate as components of diets,(More)
The tumorigenicity of benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] applied topically as a skin tumor initiator in Sencar mice and the formation of epidermal B(a)P/deoxyribonucleoside adducts were compared over a similar range of doses (50 to 1600 nmol). The tumor-initiating activity of B(a)P, its covalent binding to mouse epidermal DNA, and the formation of the major(More)