Thomas J. Sitzman

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BACKGROUND Free tissue transfer necessitates vigilant postoperative monitoring for vessel occlusion. Unfortunately, most monitoring methods require experienced personnel and are expensive to use. Furthermore, many tests have low sensitivity, low specificity, or significant delay between vessel occlusion and detection. The authors report on a novel method of(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to report objectively on practice trends in unilateral cleft lip repair in the United States and Canada. This study details current technique preferences, modifications, and adjunct procedure use. METHODS All surgeons in the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association and the Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons(More)
BACKGROUND Compartment syndrome is difficult to diagnose, particularly in patients who are not able to undergo adequate clinical examination. Current methods rely on pressure measurements within the compartment, have high false-positive rates, and do not reliably indicate presence of muscle ischemia. We hypothesized that measurement of intramuscular glucose(More)
Measuring meaningful outcomes in cleft lip and palate surgery is difficult. Many methods of measurement lack validity or reliability, are impractical to implement, or are not consistently used. Yet the power of measuring outcomes is so great, and the potential to improve patients' lives so strong, that these hurdles are worth overcoming. This chapter(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of this study was to clarify the anatomical origins of the suprascapular and lateral pectoral nerves from the brachial plexus as an aid to surgical exploration. METHODS Both nerves were studied in 100 adult cadaver specimens. Topographic points of origin were described as distance from the bifurcation of the upper trunk or distance(More)
Care of the patient with cleft lip and/or palate remains complex. Prior attempts at aggregating data to study the effectiveness of specific interventions or overall treatment protocols have been hindered by a lack of data standards. There exists a critical need to better define the outcomes-particularly those that matter most to patients and their(More)
BACKGROUND The burden of care for children with cleft lip and palate extends beyond primary repair. Children may undergo multiple secondary surgeries to improve appearance or speech. The purpose of this study was to compare the use of secondary surgery between cleft centers. METHODS This retrospective cohort study included 130 children with complete(More)
BACKGROUND More than 180,000 patients present annually with facial trauma to emergency rooms in the United States. Maxillofacial computed tomography is the gold standard in identifying facial fractures. Providers must evaluate patients quickly; therefore, they use decision instruments to determine which patients need imaging. We previously developed a(More)