Thomas J. Schmidt

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The sesquiterpene lactone helenalin is a potent anti-inflammatory drug whose molecular mechanism of action remains unclear despite numerous investigations. We have previously shown that helenalin and other sesquiterpene lactones selectively inhibit activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB, a central mediator of the human immune response. These drugs(More)
Sesquiterpene lactones (SLs) have potent anti-inflammatory properties. We have shown previously that they exert this effect in part by inhibiting activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB, a central regulator of the immune response. We have proposed a molecular mechanism for this inhibition based on computer molecular modeling data. In this model,(More)
Trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis are important parasitic diseases affecting millions of people in Africa, Asia, and South America. In a previous study, we identified several flavonoid glycosides as antiprotozoal principles from a Turkish plant. Here we surveyed a large set of flavonoid aglycones and glycosides, as well as a panel of other related compounds(More)
Infections with protozoan parasites are a major cause of disease and mortality in many tropical countries of the world. Diseases caused by species of the genera Trypanosoma (Human African Trypanosomiasis and Chagas Disease) and Leishmania (various forms of Leishmaniasis) are among the seventeen "Neglected Tropical Diseases" (NTDs) defined as such by WHO due(More)
Many sesquiterpene lactones (SLs) possess considerable anti-inflammatory activity. They inhibit the transcription factor NF-kappaB by selectively alkylating its p65 subunit probably by reacting with cysteine residues. Here we assayed 28 sesquiterpene lactones for their ability to inhibit NF-kappaB. The majority of the potent NF-kappaB inhibitors possess two(More)
Aldosterone stimulates the sympathetic nervous system by binding to a select population of brain mineralocorticoid receptors (MR). These MR have an equal affinity for corticosterone that is present in substantially higher concentrations, but are held in reserve for aldosterone by activity of the enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2(More)
Infections with protozoan parasites are a major cause of disease and mortality in many tropical countries of the world. Diseases caused by species of the genera Trypanosoma (Human African Trypanosomiasis and Chagas Disease) and Leishmania (various forms of Leishmaniasis) are among the seventeen "Neglected Tropical Diseases" (NTDs) defined by the WHO.(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Clausena lansium (Fool's Curry Leaf) is used for various ethnomedical conditions in some countries, including bronchitis, malaria, viral hepatitis, acute and chronic gastro-intestinal inflammation, and as a spicy substitute of the popular Curry leaf tree (Murraya koenigii). AIM OF THE STUDY This study was to evaluate the(More)
Endogenous and synthetic glucocorticoids (GCs), such as cortisol and dexamethasone (Dex), modulate airway inflammation, regulate the production of surfactant by lung epithelial cells, and influence fetal lung maturation. The 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (HSD2) enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of bioactive cortisol and Dex to their 11-keto(More)