Thomas J. Prihoda

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CONTEXT Early-onset alcoholism differs from late-onset alcoholism by its association with greater serotonergic abnormality and antisocial behaviors. Thus, individuals with early-onset alcoholism may be responsive to treatment with a selective serotonergic agent. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that drinking outcomes associated with early vs late-onset(More)
PURPOSE We previously showed that nuclear localization of the actin-binding protein, filamin A (FlnA), corresponded to hormone-dependence in prostate cancer. Intact FlnA (280 kDa, cytoplasmic) cleaved to a 90 kDa fragment which translocated to the nucleus in hormone-naïve cells, whereas in hormone-refractory cells, FlnA was phosphorylated, preventing its(More)
The lack of a generally accepted case definition for multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and the absence of a standardized approach for measuring salient aspects of chemical sensitivity that would permit cross-comparison of findings by different investigators have hindered progress in this area. Based upon findings from an earlier study of 112 persons with(More)
PURPOSE Whereas the early stage of prostate cancer is marked by excessive proliferation, in advanced stages of the disease, a decreased apoptotic death rate (increased cell survival) also contributes to net tumor growth. Altered regulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-regulated cell proliferation and Akt-regulated cell survival pathways(More)
We previously showed, by immunohistochemistry with phospho-specific antibodies, increased phosphorylation (activation) of Akt (Ser(473)) [phosphorylated Akt (pAkt)] in high-Gleason grade prostate cancer (Malik SN, et al., Clin Cancer Res 2002;8:1168-71). Elevation of pAkt was accompanied by decreased phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals considered to be early onset alcoholics (EOA) are characterized by an early onset age, a broad range of antisocial behaviors, high familial loading, and presumed biological disease predisposition. Ondansetron, a 5-HT3 antagonist, improves drinking outcomes and increases abstinence rates among EOA. Individuals with high familial(More)
In a previous report, we showed that increased activation of Akt, a downstream effector of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) together with decreased activation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family, predicted poor clinical outcome in prostate cancer (Kreisberg et al. 2004 Cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compares the human placental transport of glyburide, glipizide, chlorpropamide, and tolbutamide. STUDY DESIGN The recirculating single cotyledon human placenta model tested maternal-to-fetal transport in term placentas perfused immediately after delivery. Drug levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid(More)
OBJECTIVE Most rating scales for bipolar disorders (BDs) do not encompass the spectrum of symptomatology now established as characterizing the illness. We report the rationale, format, reliability and initial validity studies of the Bipolar Inventory of Symptoms Scale (BISS), a 44-item scale designed to encompass the spectrum of behavioral disturbances in(More)
This study examined the effect of fluid balance on survival in ARDS. Of the 213 patients entered into a prospective data collection study, we evaluated 113 patients who met strict criteria for ARDS. Multiple variables were analyzed for as long as 14 days after intubation including cardiac output, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, mean blood pressure,(More)