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The authors examined a consecutive series of 50 patients for the presence of apathy, depression, anxiety, and neuropsychological deficits using a neuropsychological battery that included a recently designed apathy scale. This scale was found to be reliable and valid in the diagnosis of apathy in patients with PD. Of patients in the study, 12% showed apathy(More)
Depression is a frequent finding in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Regional cerebral glucose metabolism was measured in depressed and nondepressed patients with PD and in age-comparable normal control subjects using 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose and positron emission tomography (PET). Relative metabolic activity in the caudate and(More)
A consecutive series of 105 patients with Parkinson's disease were examined for the presence of affective disorders, cognitive deficits, and impairments in activities of daily living (ADLs); 92 received the same evaluation 12 months after the initial examination. On the basis of the initial psychiatric findings, patients were divided into major, minor, and(More)
A consecutive series of 105 outpatients with Parkinson's disease (PD) were examined for the presence of depression. Twenty-one percent met diagnostic criteria for major depression, 20% had minor depression, and the remainder were not depressed. The frequency of depression showed a bimodal distribution over time, with highest frequencies occurring in the(More)
In the elderly, asymptomatic white matter hyperintensities are common on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In symptomatic patients, such MRI appearances correlate with varied postmortem findings including demyelination or stroke. What structural correlates underlie the T2 hyperintensities in patients whose lesions are asymptomatic is(More)
We enrolled 125 neurologically normal patients with intracranial aneurysms in a multi-institution, prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial within 96 hours of their subarachnoid hemorrhage, to determine whether treatment with the calcium blocker nimodipine would prevent or reduce the severity of ischemic neurologic deficits from(More)
The appearance of acute cerebral infarction was evaluated on MR images and CT scans obtained in 31 patients within 24 hr of the ictus; follow-up examinations were performed 7-10 days later in 20 of these patients and were correlated with the initial studies. Acute infarcts were visible more frequently on MR images than on CT scans (82% vs 58%). Proton(More)
With the use of a new ultrasonic volume flow meter (VFM), over 8000 measurements of common carotid blood flow were made in 120 normal control subjects and 550 patients with various neurological disease. The accuracy of the flow meter in measuring blood flow on an experimental model ranged from 93 to 97%. In normal subjects, common carotid blood flow varies(More)
The presence of depression and cognitive impairments was examined in seventy patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Forty nine patients of this original cohort were re-examined between three and four years after the first evaluation. While both depressed and non-depressed patients showed a significant decline in cognitive function during the follow up(More)
Previous investigators have suggested that numerous symptoms used to diagnose depression, such as sleep or appetite disturbance, are non-specific in medically ill patients, and alternative diagnostic criteria should be developed. In the study this hypothesis was tested in Parkinson's disease (PD) by comparing patients with PD who reported a depressive mood(More)