Thomas J Preston

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Solvent-solute interactions influence the mechanisms of chemical reactions in solution, but the response of the solvent is often slower than the reactive event. Here, we report that exothermic reactions of fluorine (F) atoms in d3-acetonitrile and d2-dichloromethane involve efficient energy flow to vibrational motion of the deuterium fluoride (DF) product(More)
Transient absorption spectroscopy is used to follow the reactive intermediates involved in the first steps in the photochemistry initiated by ultraviolet (266-nm wavelength) excitation of solutions of 1,5-hexadiene, isoprene, and 2,3-dimethylbut-2-ene in carbon tetrachloride or chloroform. Ultraviolet and visible bands centered close to 330 and 500 nm in(More)
Reactions between Cl atoms and propene can lead to HCl formation either by direct H abstraction or through a chloropropyl addition complex. Barring stabilizing collisions, the chloropropyl radical will either decompose to reactants or form HCl and allyl products. Using velocity-map imaging to measure the quantum state and velocity of the HCl products(More)
Transient electronic absorption measurements with 1 ps time resolution follow XeF2 photoproducts in acetonitrile and chlorinated solvents. Ultraviolet light near 266 nm promptly breaks one Xe-F bond, and probe light covering 320-700 nm monitors the products. Some of the cleaved F atoms remain in close proximity to an XeF fragment and perturb the electronic(More)
Ultrafast transient absorption experiments monitor the reaction of CN radicals with 16 different alkane, alcohol, and chloroalkane solutes in CH(2)Cl(2) and with a smaller number of representative solutes in CHCl(3) and CH(3)CCl(3). In these experiments, 267-nm photolysis generates CN radicals, and transient electronic absorption at 400 nm probes their time(More)
Transient infrared absorption spectroscopy monitors condensed-phase photodissociation dynamics of 30 mM CHBr3 and 50 mM CHI3 in liquid CCl4. The experiments have picosecond time resolution and monitor the C-H stretch region of both the parent polyhalomethanes and their photolytically generated isomers. The C-H stretching transitions of these isomers, in(More)
Photolysis of chloroiodomethane (CH(2)ClI) in cryogenic matrices followed by recombination of the nascent radical pair produces an isomer (CH(2)Cl-I) that features a halogen-halogen (Cl-I) bond. Using ultrafast laser pulses, it is possible to follow the formation of this isomer by transient electronic absorption in low-temperature matrices of N(2), CH(4),(More)
Ultrafast photolysis of bromoform (CHBr(3)) with a 267 nm pulse of light followed by broadband transient electronic absorption identifies the photoproducts and follows their evolution in both neat bromoform and cyclohexane solutions. In neat bromoform, a species absorbing at 390 nm appears promptly and decays with a time constant of 13 ps as another species(More)
Time-resolved studies using 100 fs laser pulses generate CN radicals photolytically in solution and probe their subsequent reaction with solvent molecules by monitoring both radical loss and product formation. The experiments follow the CN reactants by transient electronic spectroscopy at 400 nm and monitor the HCN products by transient vibrational(More)
Quasi-classical trajectory calculations on a newly constructed and full-dimensionality potential energy surface (PES) examine the dynamics of the reaction of Cl atoms with propene. The PES is an empirical valence bond (EVB) fit to high-level ab initio energies and incorporates deep potential energy wells for the 1-chloropropyl and 2-chloropropyl radicals, a(More)