Thomas J. Povsic

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CONTEXT Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. In experimental models of MI, erythropoietin reduces infarct size and improves left ventricular (LV) function. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a single intravenous bolus of epoetin alfa in patients with STEMI. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans, such as the syndecans, are required for cellular responses to heparin-binding growth factors and extracellular matrix components. Expression of syndecan-1 and -4 is induced in mesenchymal cells during wound repair in the mouse, consistent with a role for syndecans in regulating cell proliferation and migration in(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to develop and assess a novel endogenous progenitor cell (EPC) assay based on aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, and to define the relationship of ALDH-bright (ALDH(br)) cells with previously defined EPCs, patient age, and extent of coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND Accurate assessment of circulating EPCs is of(More)
BACKGROUND Acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains a leading cause of death despite advances in pharmacologic and percutaneous therapies. Animal models of ischemia/reperfusion have demonstrated that single-dose erythropoietin may reduce infarct size, decrease apoptosis, and increase neovascularization, possibly through mobilization of endothelial(More)
RATIONALE A growing number of patients with coronary disease have refractory angina. Preclinical and early-phase clinical data suggest that intramyocardial injection of autologous CD34+ cells can improve myocardial perfusion and function. OBJECTIVE Evaluate the safety and bioactivity of intramyocardial injections of autologous CD34+ cells in patients with(More)
beta-arrestins (1 and 2) are widely expressed cytosolic proteins that play central roles in G protein-coupled receptor signaling. beta-arrestin1 is also recruited to the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor, a receptor tyrosine kinase, upon agonist binding. Here we report that, in response to IGF-1 stimulation, beta-arrestin1 mediates activation of(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to vascular regeneration/repair and thus may protect against scleroderma vasculopathy. We aimed to determine whether circulating EPCs were reduced in scleroderma, whether scleroderma sera could induce EPC apoptosis, and, if so, what the underlying apoptotic signaling pathway was. METHODS AND(More)
Assessment of the propensity for vascular events has been based on measurement of risk factors predisposing one to vascular injury. These assessments are based on the strong associations between risk factors such as hypertension, cholesterol levels, smoking, and diabetes which were first described almost a half century ago. The more recent discovery of the(More)
Aerobic exercise training (AET) is an effective adjunct therapy to attenuate the adverse side-effects of adjuvant chemotherapy in women with early breast cancer. Whether AET interacts with the antitumor efficacy of chemotherapy has received scant attention. We carried out a pilot study to explore the effects of AET in combination with neoadjuvant(More)
BACKGROUND REG1 is a novel anticoagulation system consisting of pegnivacogin, an RNA aptamer inhibitor of coagulation factor IXa, and anivamersen, a complementary sequence reversal oligonucleotide. We tested the hypothesis that near complete inhibition of factor IXa with pegnivacogin during percutaneous coronary intervention, followed by partial reversal(More)