Thomas J. Perun

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Amyloid-beta (A beta) is the major protein component of neuritic plaques found in Alzheimer's disease. Evidence suggests that the physical aggregation state of A beta directly influences neurotoxicity and specific cellular biochemical events. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is used to investigate the three-dimensional structure of aggregated A beta and(More)
Raloxifene, also known as Evista®, has recently been approved for the prevention of osteoporosis. Three glucuronidated compounds: raloxifene-6-glucuronide, raloxifene-27-glucuronide, and raloxifene-6,27-diglucuronide are known metabolites of raloxifene in man. Reference standards of the three glucuronides were needed for clinical trials. Although chemical(More)
This document has been elaborated by the IUPAC Medicinal Chemistry section and is backed by a large number of scientists, many of whom have had direct involvement and whose names appear at the end of the article. This work discusses the role that the discovery of new medicinal agents has in the development of societies as well as in the conservation of(More)
The world of nature provides a never-ending set of fascinating problems for the chemist. Many of the most intriguing problems, however, concern compounds available in only truly minute quantities. One solution is to focus on bioassay-guided separations. In so doing one can isolate compounds with novel structures or unsuspected activities from almost any(More)
We have designed a novel class of potent (0.3-7 nM) renin inhibitors which contain a dihydroxyethylene replacement for what is formally the Leu10-Val11 amide bond. Good potency (0.6 nM), water solubility (greater than 10 mg/ml at 37 degrees C), stability toward degradation by chymotrypsin (t1/2 = 820 min), and in vivo activity in a primate model (15% drop(More)
The efficacy of the potent, primate selective renin inhibitor A-64662 was studied in monkeys and rats with varying baseline plasma renin activity (PRA) to elucidate the relationship between PRA and the hypotensive response induced by this compound. The effect of a single bolus of vehicle or A-64662 at 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 mg/kg i.v. was compared(More)
A-62198 [dimethylacetyl-Phe-His-NHCH(cyclohexylmethyl)CH-(OH)C H(OH)CH2N3] is a potent, selective inhibitor of primate renin. This compound induced a dose-dependent fall in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) when administered as an i.v. bolus to anesthetized, salt-depleted monkeys. Both the magnitude and the duration of the hypotensive effect were dose(More)
A series of dipeptide analogues of angiotensinogen have been prepared and evaluated for their ability to inhibit the aspartic proteinase renin. The compounds were derived from the renin substrate by replacing the scissile amide bond with a transition-state mimic and by incorporating bioisosteric replacements for the Val-10 amide bond. Analogue 21a exhibited(More)
Stereoselective syntheses of several nonpeptide fragments that function as Leu10-Val11 scissile bond replacements in human angiotensinogen are presented. The opening of N-protected aminoalkyl epoxide 3 with a variety of sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon nucleophiles is a key reaction in the preparation of these novel fragments 4-8. The coupling of these(More)