Thomas J. McCown

Learn More
To facilitate the generation of SIN lentivirus vector-producer cell lines, we have developed a novel conditional SIN (cSIN) lentivirus vector, which retains its SIN properties in normal target cells yet can be produced at high titers from tetracycline-regulated packaging cell lines. The design of the cSIN vector is based on replacing the vector U3(More)
Administration of L-dopa or apomorphine to neonatal and adult 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated rats resulted in different behavioral responses depending on the age at which dopaminergic fibers were destroyed. When neonatal 6-OHDA-treated rats were tested as adults, they exhibited marked stereotypies, self-biting and self-mutilation behavior (SMB) when(More)
Safe, long-term gene expression is a primary criteria for effective gene therapy in the brain, so studies were initiated to evaluate adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector transfer of a reporter gene into specific sites of the rat brain. In the 4 day old rat, site infusions of AAV-CMV-lacZ (1 microliter; 5 x 10(4) particles) produced neuronal(More)
The present investigation tested the hypothesis that multiple withdrawals from chronic ethanol treatment "kindles" seizure activity. Two animal models of kindled seizure activity--electrical stimulation of the inferior collicular cortex or the amygdala--were used to evaluate this hypothesis. Four withdrawals from a 12-day ethanol-liquid diet regimen(More)
With the increased use of small self-complementary adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors, the design of compact promoters becomes critical for packaging and expressing larger transgenes under ubiquitous or cell-specific control. In a comparative study of commonly used 800-bp cytomegalovirus (CMV) and chicken β-actin (CBA) promoters, we report significant(More)
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors exhibit a number of properties that have made this vector system an excellent choice for both CNS gene therapy and basic neurobiological investigations. In vivo, the preponderance of AAV vector transduction occurs in neurons where it is possible to obtain long-term, stable gene expression with very little accompanying(More)
Injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV) into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) offers a means to achieve widespread transgene delivery to the central nervous system, where the doses can be readily translated from small to large animals. In contrast to studies with other serotypes (AAV2, AAV4 and AAV5) in rodents, we report that a naturally occurring capsid(More)
Diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) have provided enormous opportunities for the therapeutic application of viral vector gene transfer. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) has been the vector of choice in recent clinical trials of neurological disease, including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, due to the safety, efficacy, and stability of AAV gene(More)
The relative anticonvulsant potential of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist, muscimol, was compared after microinjection into either the inferior colliculus, substantia nigra or medial septum of ethanol-dependent rats. Bilateral microinjection of muscimol (10-30 ng) into the inferior colliculus 15 to 60 min before testing suppressed all(More)
Behavioral and neurochemical effects of haloperidol (D2-dopamine antagonist) and SCH-23390 (D1-dopamine antagonist) were examined in unlesioned rats and in rats lesioned with 6-hydroxy-dopamine (6-OHDA) as adults or as neonates. In unlesioned rats, chronic haloperidol treatment (15 days) resulted in an increase in D2-dopamine receptor density, as measured(More)