Learn More
K+ channel principal subunits are by far the largest and most diverse of the ion channels. This diversity originates partly from the large number of genes coding for K+ channel principal subunits, but also from other processes such as alternative splicing, generating multiple mRNA transcripts from a single gene, heteromeric assembly of different principal(More)
Mammalian voltage-activated Shaker K+ channels associate with at least three cytoplasmic proteins: Kv beta 1, Kv beta 2 and Kv beta 3. These beta subunits contain variable N-termini, which can modulate the inactivation of Shaker alpha subunits, but are homologous throughout an aldo-keto reductase core. Human and ferret beta 3 proteins are identical with rat(More)
A leucine heptad repeat is well conserved in voltage-dependent ion channels. Herein we examine the role of the repeat region in Shaker K+ channels through substitution of the leucines in the repeat and through coexpression of normal and truncated products. In contrast to leucine-zipper DNA-binding proteins, we find that the subunit assembly of Shaker does(More)
We report the cloning of RKShIIIA, a cDNA encoding a K+ channel sequence expressed in rat brain. This cDNA encodes K+ channel subunits that express in Xenopus oocytes a slow, 4-aminopyridine- and tetraethylammonium-sensitive, delayed rectifier-type K+ channel activated by large membrane depolarizations. This gene belongs to the Shaker (Sh) family of K+(More)
Homomeric alpha7 and heteromeric alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) can be distinguished by their pharmacological properties, including agonist specificity. We introduced point mutations of conserved amino acids within the C loop, a region of the receptor critical for agonist binding, and we examined the expression of the mutant receptors(More)
The alpha7 nAChR-selective partial agonist 3-(2,4-dimethoxybenzylidene)anabaseine (GTS-21) is more efficacious and potent for rat receptors than for human alpha7 receptors. Four single amino acid differences exist between human and rat alpha7 in the agonist binding site, two in the C loop, and one each in the E and F loops. Reciprocal mutations were made in(More)
An alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor sequence was cloned from Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). This clone differs from the mature human alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in only four amino acids, two of which are in the extracellular domain. The monkey alpha7 nicotinic receptor was characterized in regard to its functional responses to(More)
The rat α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) has a proline residue near the middle of the β9 strand. The replacement of this proline residue at position 180 (P180) by either threonine (α7-P180T) or serine (α7-P180S) slowed the onset of desensitization dramatically, with half-times of ~930 and 700 ms, respectively, compared to 90 ms for the wild-type(More)
BACKGROUND Sequence related families of genes and proteins are common in bacterial genomes. In Escherichia coli they constitute over half of the genome. The presence of families and superfamilies of proteins suggest a history of gene duplication and divergence during evolution. Genome encoded protein families, their size and functional composition, reflect(More)
BACKGROUND Potassium channels are the largest and most diverse type of ion channel found in nature. The completion of the sequencing of the genomes of Drosophila melanogaster and Anopheles gambiae, which belong to the same order, the Diptera, allows us to compare and contrast K+-channel genes and gene families present within the genomes of two dipterans. (More)