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In order to characterize the Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II A genes of the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) a cDNA library was screened and PCR was performed. Four different full-length cDNA sequences for MHC class II A genes were obtained from a clonal B cell line derived from an outbred fish. Two different genomic sequences and(More)
Two different cDNA sequences for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II beta chains from the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) have been identified. Homology between these sequences and those previously identified as MHC class II B genes in other teleosts suggests they represent alleles of the DAB locus. The inferred amino acid sequences show(More)
IL-2 is a principal autocrine growth factor that promotes T-cell activation and proliferation. However, IL-2 has also been implicated as a key intermediate in the induction and maintenance of self-tolerance in vivo. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the differential regulatory activity of IL-2 was related to the activation status of responder(More)
Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy may provide a highly sensitive, noninvasive means to identify activation status of leukocytes. The purpose of the current study was to establish Raman spectroscopic characteristics of T cell activation. Activation of the RsL.11 T cell clone in vitro with Con A resulted in specific decrements in band intensities at 785, 1048,(More)
Four cDNAs encoding the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I alpha chain were isolated from a channel catfish clonal B-cell cDNA library. Sequence analysis suggests these cDNAs represent three different MHC class I loci. All cDNAs encoded conserved residues characteristic of the MHC class I alpha chain: namely, those involved in peptide binding,(More)
We have isolated two major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II B genes from the inbred fish strain Xiphophorus maculatus Jp 163 A. We mapped one of these genes, designated here as DXB, to linkage group III, linked to a malic enzyme locus, also syntenic with human and mouse MHC. Comparison of genomic and cDNA clones shows the gene consists of six exons(More)
This study compared myelin basic protein-specific T cells from Lewis rats that were derived in the presence of either rat IL-4 or IL-2. Interleukin-4 was a maintenance factor that enabled derivation of long-term T cell lines. When activated, IL-4 dependent lines were lacking in IL-2 production capacity but maintained high levels of responsiveness to IL-2(More)
The glycans associated with mammalian major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules have been studied extensively. Co-translational and post-translational addition of sugar molecules to proteins confers many structural and modulatory functions. In the present study we characterized the glycans associated with MHC class II molecules in the(More)
The I region of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of the mouse (H-2) contains a tightly-linked cluster of highly polymorphic genes (class II MHC genes) which control immune responsiveness. Speculation on the origin of this polymorphism, which is believed to be essential for the function of the class II proteins in immune responses to disease, has(More)
Classical MHC class II glycoproteins present peptides to T cells. In Xiphophorus fishes and in the guppy, Poecilia reticulata, a classical MHC class II B-like transcript has been identified, DAB, as well as a divergent MHC class II B-like transcript, DXB. In the two species of Xiphophorus fishes studied here, X. multilineatus and X. pygmaeus, alternative(More)